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203 Cards in this Set

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abrasion
a scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area
abscess
a localized collection of pus in any part of the body
albino
an individual with a marked deficiency of pigment in the eyes, hair and skin
alopecia
partial or complete loss of hair.
amputation
the surgical removal of a part of the body or a limb or part of a limb; performed to treat recurrent infections or gangrene of a limb
basal layer
the deepest of the 5 layers of skin
bedsore
an inflammation, sore or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body, resulting from a loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body part; a pressure sore
blackhead
an open comedo, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair folicle
blister
a small, thin-walled, skin lesion containing clear fluid; a vesicle
boil
a localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a furuncle
bruise
a bluish black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of an injury to the area; see ecchymosis
bulla
a large blister
carbuncle
a circumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that contains pus, which eventually discharges to the skin surface
cellulitis
a diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain and swelling
cerumen
ear wax
ceruminous gland
a modified sweat gland that lubricates the skin of the ear canal with a yellowish-brown waxy substance called cerumen or ear wax
cicatrix
a scar; the pale, firm tissue that forms in the healing of a wound
collagen
the protein substance that forms the glistening inelastic fibers of connective tissue such as tendons, ligaments and fascia
comedo
the typical lesion of acne vulgaris, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle. (closed comedo = white head; open comedo = blackhead)
contusion
an injury to a part of the body wihout a break in the skin
corium
the dermis; the layer of the skin just under the epidermis
cryosurgery
a noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue. Coolants such as liquid nitrogen are used in the metal probe
curettage
the process of scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surface for the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or unwanted material
cutaneous membrane
the skin see integument
cuticle
a fold of skin that covers the root of the fingernail or toenail
cyanosis
a condition of a bluish discoloration of the skin
cyst
a closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid, semi-fluid or solid material
debridement
removal of debris, foreign objects and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermatologist
a physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin
dermatology
the study of the skin
dermis
the layer of skin immediately beneath the epidermis; the corium
diaphoresis
the secretion of sweat
ecchymosis
bruise
electrodesiccation
a technique that uses an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue; used primarily for the removal of surface lesions
epidermis
the outermost layer of the skin
epidermoid cyst
a cyst filled with a cheesy material composed of sebum and epthelial debris that has formed in the duct of a sebaceuous gland; also known as a sebaceous cyst
epithelium
the tissue that covers the internal and external surfaces of the body
erythema; erythroderma
redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation. Blushing or a mild sunburn
erythremia
an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells; polycythemia vera
excoriation
an injury to the surface of the skin caused by trauma, such as scratching or abrasion
exfoliation
peeling or sloughing off of tissue cells, as in the peeling of the skin after a severe sunburn
fissure
a creacklike sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane
fistula
an abnormal passageway between tubular organs (eg rectum and vagina) or from an organ to the body surface
furuncle
a localize pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a boil
gangrene
death of tissue, most often involving the extremities.
hair follicle
the tiny tube within the dermis that contains the root of a hair shaft
hair root
the portion of a strand of hair tht is embedded in the hair follicle
hair shaft
the visible part of the hari
hemangioma
a benign tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color
heparin
a natural anticoagulant substance produced by the body tissues; also produced by laboratories for therapeutic use
hirsutism
excessive body hair in an adult male distribution pattern, occuring in women
histamine
a substance, found in all cells, that is released in an allergic, inflammatory reaction
histiocyte
macrophage; a large pahgocytic cell (cell that ingests microorganisms, other cells and foreign particles) occuring in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue
hives
a circumscribed, slightly elevated lesion of the skin that is paler in the center than its surrounding edges; see wheal
hydrocele
a collection of fluid located in the area of the scrotal sac in the male
ichthyosis
an inherited dermatological condition in which the skin is dry, hyperkeratotic (hardened), and fissured, resembling fish scales
integument
the skin see cutaneous membrane
integumentary system
the body system composed of the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands and sebaceous glands
keratin
a hard, fibrous protein that is found in the epidermis, hair, nails, enamel of the teeth and horns of animals
keratolytic
an agent used to break down or loosen the horny (hardened) layer of the skin
laceration
a tear in the skin
lanugo
soft, very fine hari that covers the body of the developing fetus
lesion
any visible damage to the tissues of the skin, such as a wound, sore, rash or boil
lipocyte
a fat cell
lunula
the crescent-shaped pale area at the base of the fingernail
macrophage
a large phagocytic cell (cell that ingests microorganisms, other cells, and foreign particles) occuring in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue; see histiocyte
macule
a small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised or depressed ; a freckle
mast cell
a cell, found within the connective tissue, that contains heparin and histamine; these substances are released from the mast cell in response to injury and infection
melanin
a black or dark pgment, produced by melanocytes within the epidermis, that contributes color to the skin and helps to filter ultraviolet light
melanocytes
cells responsible for producing melanin
nail body
the visible part of the nail
nodule
a small, circumscribed swelling protuding above the skin
oil gland
one of the many small glands located in the dermis; its secretions provide oil to the hair and surrounding skin; see sebaceous gland
onycholysis
seperation of a figernail from its bed, beginning at the free margin.
onychomycosis
any fungal infection of the nails
onychophagia
the habit of biting the nails
pachyderma
abnormal thickening of the skin
papule
a small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin
paronychia
inflammation of the fold of skin surrounding the fingernail; also called run-around
pediculosis
infestation with lice
perspiration
the clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands; see sweat
petechia
small, pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin
pimple
a papule or pustule of the skin
polyp
a small, stalklike growth that protrudes upward or outward from a mucous membrane surface, resembling a mushroom stalk
pores
openings of the skin through which substances such as water, salts and some fatty substances are excreted
pruritis
itching
purpura
a group of bleeding disorders characterized by bleeding into the skin and mucous membranes;
pustule
a small elevation of the skin filled with pus; a small abscess
scales
thin flakes of hardened epithelium that are shed from the epidermis
sebaceuous cyst
a cyst filled with a cheesy material composed of sebum and epithelial debris that has formed in the duct of a sebaceous gland; also known as an epidermoid cyst
sebaceous gland
an oil gland located in the dermis; its secretions provide oil to the hair and surrounding skin
seborrhea
excessiver secretion of sebum, resulting in excessive oiliness or dry scales
sebum
the oily excretions of the sebaceous glands
skin tags
a small brownish or flesh-colored outgrowth of skin occuring frequently on the neck; also known as a cutaneous papilloma
squamous epithelial cells
flat scalelike cells that are arranged in layers (strata)
squamous epithelium
the single layer of flattened platelike cells that cover internal and external body surfaces
stratified
layered; arranged in layers
stratum
a uniformly thick sheet or layer of cells
stratum basale
the layer of skin where new cells are continually being reproduced, pushing older cells toward the outermost surface of the skin
stratum corneum
the outermost layer of skin (composed of dead cells that have converted to keratin) which continually sluffs off or flakes away; known as the keratinized or "horny" cell layer
stretch marks
linear tears in the dermis which result from overstretching from rapid growth. They begin as pinkish-blue streaks with jagged edges and may be accompanies by itching. As they heal and lose their color, the stria remain as silvery white scar lines
subcutaneous tissue
the fatty layer of tissue located beneath the dermis
subugnual hematoma
a collection of blood beneath a nail bed, usually the result of trauma (injury)
sudoriferous gland
a sweat gland
sweat
the clear, watery fluid produced by the seat glands; also known as perspiration
sweat gland
one of the tiny structures within the dermis that produces sweat, which carries waste products to the surface of the skin for excretion; also known as the sudoriferous gland
ulcer
a circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation
urticaria
a reaction of the skin in which there is an appearance of smooth slightly elevated patches (wheals) that are redder or paler thaqn the surrounding skin and often accompanied by severe itching (pruritus)
vesicle
a small, thin-walled, skin lesion containing clear fluid; a blister.
vitiligo
a skin disorder characterized by nonpigmented white patches of skin of varying sizes that are surrounded by skin with normal pigmentation
wheal
a circumscribed, slightly elevated lesion of the skin that is paler in the center than its surrounding edges; hives
whitehead
a closed comedo, cause by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle, the contents within are not easily expressed
xanthoderma
any yellow coloration of the the skin
xeroderma
a chronic skin condition characterized by roughness and dryness
adip/o
pertaining to fat
caut
burn
cutane/o
skin
hidr/o
sweat
hist/o
tissue
ichthy/o
fish
kerat/o
hard, horny
lip/o
fat
myc/o
fungus
onych/o
nails
pil/o
hair
scler/o
hard
squam/o
scales
trich/o
hair
xer/o
dryness
acne vulgaris
acne; a common inflammatory disorder seen on the face, chest, back and neck and which appears as papules, pustules and comedos
albinism
a condition characterized by the absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes
first degree burn
superficial burns such as
sunburn
second degree burn
partial thickness burns such as contact with boiling water
third degree burns
full thickness burns, sometimes burns through muscle down to bone.
callus
a common, usually painless thickening of the epidermis at sites of external pressure or friction such as palms of the hands and bottom of the feet
basal cell carcinoma
the most commmon malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue, occuring most often on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun.
squamous cell carcinoma
a malignancy of the squamous, or scalelike cells of the epithelial tissue, which is a much faster growing cancer than basal cell carcinoma and which has a greater potential for metastasis if not treated
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin, seen in several forms.
Contact dermatitis
occurs as the skin responds to an irritant or allergen with redness, itching and lesions
allergic contact dermatitis
develops by sensitization. When coming in contact with a substance for the first time no immediate inflammation occurs, but future exposures will result in severe inflammation
irritant contact dermatitis
occurs following repeated exposure to a mild irritant or initial exposure of a strong irritant. Can be from soaps, cleaners and bleaches
seborrheic dermatitis
common inflammatory condition known as cradle cap in babies.
eczema
an acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs and is accompanied by intense itching.
exanthematous viral diseases
a skin eruption or rash accompanied by inflammation, having specific diagnostic features of an infectious viral disease: rubella, roseaola infantum, rubeola (measles) and erythema infectiosum (fifth disease)
herpes zoster (shingles)
an acute viral infection characterized by painful, vesicular eruptions on the skin following along the nerve pathways of the spinal or cranial nerves
hyperkeratosis
an overgrowth of the horny layer of the epidermis
impetigo
contagious superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules filled with millions of staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria, usually forming on the face
Kaposi's Sarcoma
rare malignant lesions that begin as soft purple-brown nodules or plaques on the feet and gradually spread throughout the skin
keloid
an enlarged, irregularly shaped and elevated scar that forms due to the presence of large amounts of collagen during the fomration of the scar
keratosis
skin condition in which ther is a thickening and overgrowth of the conrified epithelium
seborrheic keratosis
appears as brown or waxy yellow wartlike lesions 5-20mm in diameter, loosely attached to the skin surface; also known as senile warts
actinic keratosis or solar keratosis
a premalignant, gray or red to brown, hardened lesion caused by excessive exposure to sunlight
leukoplakia
white, hard, thickened patches firmly attached to the mucous membrane in areas such as the mouth, vulva or penis
malignant melanoma
malignant skin tumor originating from melanocytes in preexisting nevi, freckles or skin with pigment; darkly pigmented cancerous tumor
nevus (mole)
a visual accumulation of melanocytes, creating a flat or raised rounded macule or pupule with definite borders
onychocryptosis
ingrown nail. The nail pierces the lateral fold of skin and grows into the dermis, causing swelling and pain
onychomycosis
a fungal infection of the nails
pediculosis
a highly contagious parasitic infestation caused by blood sucking lice
pemphigus
a rare, incurable disorder manifested by blisters in the mouth and on the skin and spreading to involve large areas of the body, including the chest, face, umbilicus, back and groin
pilonidal cyst
a closed sac located in the sacrococcygeal area of the back, sometimes noted at birth as a dimple
psoriasis
a common, non-infectious, chronic disorder fo the skin manifested by silvery-white scales over round, raised, reddened plaques producing itching
scabies
a highly contagious parasitic infestation caused by the "human itch mite", resulting in a rash, pruritus, and a feeling of "something crawling"
scleroderma
a gradual thickening of the dermis and swelling fo the hands and feet to a state in which the skin is anchored to the underlying tissue.
systemic lupus erythematosus
a chronic, multisystem, inflammatory disease characterized by lesions of the nervous system and skin, renal problems and vasculitis. A red rash known as the butterfly rash is often seen on the nose and face
tinea
more commonly known as ringworm, a chronic fungal infection of the skin that is characterized by scaling, itching, and sometimes painful lesions. The lesions are names according to the body part affected.
tinea capitis
ringworm of the scalp (more common in children)
tinea corporis
ringworm of the body is characterized by round patches with elevated red borders of pustules, papules, or vesicles that affect the non hairy skin of the body. The lesion actually looks like a circle and is raised.
tinea cruris
ringworm of the groin; also known as jock itch
tinea pedis
ringworm of the foot; also known as athlete's foot
wart (verruca)
a benign, circumscribed, elevated skin lesion that results from hypertrophy of the epidermis; caused by the human papilloma virus
allergy testing
various procedures used to identify specific allergens in an individual by exposing the person to a very small quantity of the allergen.
cautery
heat or caustic substances that burn and scar the skin (coagulation of tissue)
cryosurgery
a noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue
dermabrasion
removal of the epidermis and a portion of the dermis with sandpaper or brushes in order to eliminate superficial scars or unwanted tatoos
dermoplasty
skin transplantation to a body surface damaged by injury or disease
electrosurgery
the removal or destruction of tissue with an electrical current
escharotomy
an incision made into the necrotic tissue resultin from a severe burn
liposuction
aspiration of fat through a suction cannula or curette to alter the body contours
skin biopsy
the removal of a small piece of tissue from skin lesions for the purpose of examining it under a microscope to confirm or establish a diagnosis
skin graft
a process of placing tissue on a recipient site, taken from a donor site, in order to provide teh protective mechanisms of skin to an area unable to regenerate skin, as in third-degree burns
autografting
donor tissue comes from the person receiving the graft
homografting or allografting
donor tissue is harvested from a cadaver
heterograft or xenograft
donor tissue is obtained from an animal
wood's lamp
an ultraviolet light that is used to examine the scalp and skin for the purpose of observing fungal spores
Bx, bx
biopsy
decub.
decubitus (ulcer); bedsore
derm.
dermatology
DLE
discoid lupus erythematosus
EAHF
eczema, asthma, and hay fever
FANA
flourescent antinuclear antibody
FS
frozen section
ID
intradermal
I&D
incision and drainage
LE
(systemic) lupus erythematosus
PPD
purified protein derivative
PSS
progressive systemic scleroderma
SC
subcutaneous
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
TENS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
ung.
ointment
UV
ultraviolet (light)
XP, XDP
xeroderma pigmentosum