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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are the three phases of degeneration
segmental dysfunction
instability
stabilization
segmental dysfunction
purely functional
posterior elements involved
no degenerative changes
HYPOMOBILITY
manipulation is key
recovery is complete
instability
trauma
unresolved segmental dysfxn
aging
greater motion of post.z jts
HYPERMOBILITY
manipulation only symptomatic relief
underlying pathology remains
change of ADL
stabilization
advanced degeneration
possible fusion
HYPOMOBILITY NOW STRUCTURAL
loss of disc height
increase wt on z jts
increase degeneration of z jts
stenosis
neurogenic symptoms
degenerative changes
what starts the degenerative process regardless of cause
hypomobility
hypomobility is result of
loss of coordination
m atrophy in spine
thickened jt capsule
what is the initial driving force in natural progression
hypomobility
what is an occipital condyle fracture
vertical compression with lateral bending
what deficits are seen in occipital condyle fracture
cranial nerve
head trauma
what is the outcome for occipital condyle fracture
orthotic immobilization
heal uneventfully
what is type I and II atlas fracture
I - anterior arch
II - posterior arch
how does type I atlas fracture occur
avulsion during extension
how does type II atlas fracture occur
compression during extension