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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Identify this hydrocarbon.
C2H6

Ethane
Identify this hydrocarbon.
Butane

C₄H₁₀
Identify this hydrocarbon.
Propane

C3H8
Identify this branched-chain alkyl group.
tert-butyl

Note: There are 3 C attached to one central C.
Identify this branched-chain alkyl group.
tert-butyl

Note: There are 3 C attached to one central C.
Identify this branched chain alkyl group.
sec-butyl

Note: Total of 4 C, but only 2 are attached to central C.
isopropyl group

Note: 3 total C with one central C.
Identify this HC and the form it is written in.
4-isopropyldecane

Line-angle formula
Identify this HC and the form it is written in.
Hexane

C6H14

Skeletal structural form
Identify this HC and the form it is written in.
Butane

C4H10

Written in complete structural formula
Identify this HC and the form it is written in.
Butane

C4H10

Condensed structural form
Identify what structures make up terpenes?
Isoprene
How do isoprenes connect to make terpenes?
Tail of one connects to head of another
Identify this structure.
Toluene
Identify.
o-xylene
Identify.
m-xylene
Identify.
p-xylene
Identify the IUPAC name and common name for this compound.
IUPAC: Ethene

Common: Ethylene
Identify the IUPAC name and common name for this compound.
IUPAC: Propene

Common: Propylene
Identify the common name for this group.
vinyl
Identify.
vinyl chloride
Identify.
propyl bromide

Note: Propyl here is straight chain.
Identify.
isopropyl bromide

Note: Central C with 2 C's attached
Identify the IUPAC name and common name for this compound.
IUPAC: Ethyne

Common: Acetylene (gas)
Skeletal isomerism is relative to the _______.
carbon chain
Positional isomerism is relative to the _______.
double/triple bond
C2-C4 is a _____.
C5-C8 is a _____.

(states of matter)
C2-C4 is a gas.
C5-C8 is a liquid.
When benzene is used as a substituent, it is called a ______ group.
phenyl
Identify the # locations for the following: ortho, meta, para.
Ortho - 1, 2
Meta - 1, 3
Para - 1, 4
Identify the IUPAC name and common name for this compound.
IUPAC: 2-propranolol

Common; isopropyl alcohol
Identify the IUPAC name for this compound.
methyl alcohol
Methyl alcohol oxidizes to create ...
formaldehyde.
Identify this cyclic ether.
ethylene oxide
Identify this cyclic ether.
Puran

Note: 2 = bonds, hexagon
Identify this cyclic ether.
Furan

Note: 2 = bonds, pentagon
What type of compound is this? Identify name.
Ether

Anisole
Identify.
diethyl ether

Note: Ether backbone is R-O-R'
Identify the compound and its function.
Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT)

Application: Preservative
Identify the compound and its application.
Butylated hydroxyganisole (BHA)

Application: Antioxidant, food additive
What type of compound is this? Identify it by name.
Hydroxy phenol

Common: Catechol
What type of compound is this? Identify it by name.
Hydroxy phenol

Hydroquinone

Note: Para separation of -OH
Identify the 2 most common applications for phenol.
Antiseptic (for living tissue)
Disinfectant (for non-living tissue)
Identify the general formula for phenols.
Ar-OH

Ar - aryl group (C-ring which one H has been removed)
OH - hydroxyl group
Ortho, meta, and para can only be used when there are ___ substituents in a _______.
2 substituents in a benzene ring
Are phenols weak or strong in solutions?
Weak acids
Phenol + Base = _______
Phenoxide ion and CA (H2O)