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80 Cards in this Set

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The art of dressing and arranging hair to create temporary changes in the form and texture is known as:

color
sculpture
distribution
hair design
Hair design.

Hair design is the art of dressing and arranging hair to create temporary changes in the form and texture.
Which of the following will help determine the temperature used when pressing hair?

color
length
density
texture
Texture.

Analyzing the type, texture and condition of the hair is important in determining a hair pressing service.
Holding the hair 90 degrees from the center of a one-diameter base and having the tool sit on the bottom parting results from which type of base control?

on base
off base
undirected
half-off base
Half-off base.

Holding the hair 90 degrees from the center of a one-diameter base and having the tool sit on the bottom parting results from half-off base control.
Thermal iron procedures are only performed on hair that has been:

dried
lightened
texturized
kept damp
Dried.

There are several different types of thermal irons and a variety of ways they may be used to create complete designs on dry hair.
One oblong followed by a row of pincurls is called a:

ridge curl
skip wave
barrel wave
transitional wave
Ridge curl.

One oblong followed by a row of pincurls is called a ridge curl.
To reduce the potential of hair and scalp damage from heat, hold the blow dryer at least:

3 to 5 inches (7.5 cm to 12.5 cm) from the hair
8 to 10 inches (20.3 cm to 25.4 cm) from the hair
12 to 15 inches (30.5 cm to 38.1 cm) from the hair
19 to 20 inches (48.3 cm to 50.8 cm) from the hair
3 to 5 inches (7.5 cm to 12.5 cm) from the hair.

Always keep the dryer 3 to 5 inches (7.5 cm to 12.5 cm) from the hair and constantly moving back and forth to reduce hair and scalp damage from the heat.
Two alternating oblongs connected by a ridge in which one oblong is molded and one oblong is set is called a(n):

arc curl
ridge curl
skip wave
volume wave
Skip waves.

Skip waves are composed of two alternating oblongs connected by a ridge, in which one oblong is molded and one oblong is set.
Which thermal styling tool is used to air form wet hair while using brushes, combs and fingers to create temporary direction and texture changes?

hood dryer
blow dryer
stove-heater
stationary dryer
Blow-dryers.

Blow dryers and their attachments are used to air form wet hair while using brushes, combs and your fingers to create temporary direction and texture changes.
Which of the following is true about the use of a smaller brush when designing short hair?

achieves indentation
achieves a curlier design
creates smoother results
creates a very loose curl
Achieves a curlier design.

Smaller brushes are designed for curlier designs or short hair.
The tool that allows the greatest air flow to the hair while directing it into the lines of the design is called a(n):

long hair pins
cushion brush
fine-tooth comb
air forming brush
Air forming brush.

Air forming brushes, such as vent and 9-row brushes, allow the greatest air flow to the hair so lengths can be dried quickly, while directing them into the lines of the design.
Which of the following hairstyling products adds shine and weight to the hair?

gel
pomade
styling lotion
aerosol hairspray
Pomade.

Pomade/polisher adds high intensity gloss and shine to the hair and adds weight to the hair.
Which of the following results would be achieved by using a pincurl with a closed center?

wider wave
uniform effect
weak wave pattern
smaller and stronger wave, for a fluffy effect
Smaller and stronger wave, for a fluffy effect.

A closed circle will produce a much smaller and stronger wave for a fluffy effect.
Overdirection of the ridge in fingerwaving may be caused by which of the following improper techniques?
Pinching and pushing the ridge.

Pinching or pushing the ridge will create overdirection of the wave and is not recommended.
Which type of pincurl creates closeness within a hairstyle?

flat pincurls
volume pincurls
stand-up pincurls
indentation pincurls
Flat pin curls.

Flat pincurls are used for closeness.
What affects the amount of volume, lift, fullness or mass achieved in a hair design?

on base
indentation
base control
roller control
Base control.

The base control used within a hair design affects the amount of volume (lift, fullness, mass) or closeness (flatness) achieved.
What determines the width and strength of a wave?

size of the base
size of the circle
length of the stem
shape of the base
Size of the circle.

The size of the circle determines the width and strength of a wave.
Before brushing or combing hair that has been curled with an iron, ensure that the hair is:

warm
moistened
shampooed
completely cool
Completely cool.

After applying the thermal tool, the hair needs to cool completely prior to brushing or combing.
What direction should the blow dryer's air flow point?

up and down the hair strand
back and forth across the hair strand
up the hair strand from the ends to the scalp
down the hair strand from the scalp to the ends
Down the strand from the scalp to the ends.

Keep the dryer's airflow pointing down the hair strand from the scalp to the ends.
Loss of hair elasticity or split ends may be caused by:

minimal tension
minimal air forming
excessive air forming
excessive towel blotting
Excessive air forming.

Excessive air forming can cause hair to lose elasticity or create split ends and has an overall drying effect.
The two most common braiding methods are the 3-strand overbraid and the:

French braid
5-strand braid
9-strand braid
3-strand underbraid
3-strand underbraid.

The two most common braiding methods are the 3-strand overbraid, known as the French or invisible braid, and the 3-strand underbraid, known as the visible braid.
A section of hair that forms a pincurl is commonly described in three parts as the base, stem (arc) and:

twist
circle
barrel
strand
Circle.

A section of hair that forms a pincurl is commonly described in three parts: the base, the stem (arc) and the circle.
What type of pincurl is used to create fullness and height?

flat
volume
indentation
semi-stand-up
Volume.

Volume pincurls are used to create fullness and height.
Which technique involves using the curling iron to create alternating oblongs along the hair strand?

ends technique
base technique
Marcel technique
ends-to-base technique
Marcel technique.

The curling iron can be used to create marcel waves, or alternating oblongs, along the hair strand.
Distribution begins at the point where motion begins, also known as the:

scale
base control
point of entry
point of origin
Point of origin.

Distribution begins from a point of origin. A point of origin is the place where motion begins, or the beginning of a design.
The base control used when an equal degree of predetermined direction and volume are required is:

undirected
on base (no stem)
off base (full stem)
half-off base (half stem)
Half-off base.

The base control used when an equal degree of predetermined direction and volume is required is half-off base.
The diameter of the tool or pincurl will determine the:

size of the curl
size of the base
length of the stem
direction of the curl
Size of the curl.

The diameter of the tool you choose will determine the size of the curl.
What is the result of having the ends of the hair protrude over the iron?

split ends
indentation
fishhook ends
expanded volume
Fishhook ends.

Always feed the ends of the hair all the way through the curling iron to avoid crimped "fishhook" ends.
Defining the form includes smoothing the surface of the hair and:

piecing or pleating the hair
blending the hair between the partings
controlling the amount of desired volume
using a cushion brush to retrace the lines of the surface
Controlling the amount of desired volume.

Defining the form includes smoothing the surface of the hair, redefining the lines of the design, and controlling the amount of desired volume.
During hair pressing, fine hair requires which of the following actions?

apply less heat
apply more heat
apply hard press
apply a double press
Apply less heat.

Less heat and pressure should be applied to fine hair than the other types of hair to avoid breakage.
The area of the strand at the scalp between partings is called the:

arc
form
base
circle
Base.

The pincurl base is the area of the strand at the scalp between partings within a shape.
Which type of base control is used to produce lift or strong curl effect?

underdirected
on base (no stem)
off base (full stem)
half-off base (half stem)
On base (no stem).

On-base pincurl control is used to produce lift or strong curl effect.
The blow dryer attachment that focuses the air flow to a small area is called the:

nozzle
handle
diffuser
concentrator
Concentrator.

Concentrators focus the air flow to a small area, which allows you to control the air flow and heat more specifically.
Manipulation of a thermal iron when styling involves all of the following procedures EXCEPT:

rolling the iron
quick clicking movement
maintaining a closed clamp
opening and closing the clamp
Maintaining a closed clamp.

Manipulations with the curling iron include rolling the iron, opening and closing the clamp in a quick "clicking" movement.
The use of a hand-held dryer along with your fingers, brushes, pressing combs and/or a curling iron is called:

sculpture
wet design
thermal design
directional design
Thermal design.

Thermal designing is the technique of drying and/or designing hair by using a hand-held dryer while using your fingers, brushes, combs or a curling iron.
The type of comb that is used for backcombing and smoothing the surface of the hair is called a:

molding comb
master sketcher
fine-tooth tail comb
wide-tooth tail comb
Master sketcher.

The master sketcher is a type of comb used for backcombing and smoothing the surface of the hair.
To maintain a constant temperature during use, the electric curling iron contains a heating element controlled by a:

rod
clamp
conductor
thermostat
Thermostat.

An electric curling iron contains a heating element controlled by a thermostat that maintains a constant temperature during use.
The base shapes of pincurls most often used are triangular, square, rectangle and:

crescent
stand-up
straight
indentation
Crescent.

The base shapes of pincurls include the triangle, rectangle, square and crescent.
Cone-shaped rollers fit into a curvature shape and allow the creation of which of the following results?

straighter line
bricklay effect
flatter, closer style
a stronger curvature movement
A stronger curvature movement.

Because cone-shaped rollers fit into a curvature shape, they allow stronger curvature movements that are not achievable with straight rollers.
The hollow of the fingerwave may be described by which of the following terms?

ridge
ledge
recess
overdirection
Recess.

The hollow of the fingerwave is also known as a recess.
The base control that results in the most volume and strongest base strength is called:

on base
off base
undirected
half-off base
On base.

The base control that results in the most volume and strongest base strength is on-base tool position.
Safety guidelines require the air intake of a blow dryer to be:

closed
free from debris
clogged with debris
covered with a towel
Free from debris.

Check the air-intake area on the blow dryer to ensure it is free from debris before beginning the air forming procedure.
Which base control has the stem and circle positioned below the base?

overdirected
on base
off base
half-off base
Off base.

With off-base pincurl control, the stem and circle are positioned below the base.
Which of the following terms is NOT a common type of curvature pin curl?

flat
volume
skip wave
indentation
Skip wave.

The three common types of curvature pincurls are flat, volume and indentation.
The process of drying the hair and then styling it to create a new form is called air forming or:

pressing
blow drying
spiral technique
ends-to-base technique
Blow drying.

The term air forming, also called blow drying, refers to the process of simultaneously drying and designing the hair to create a new form.
Where is the stem of the pincurl located that demonstrates the direction of the curl?

closest to the scalp
between the barrel and base
between the base and first turn
between partings within a shape
Between the base and first turn.

The stem (arc) is the beginning portion of the strand that demonstrates the direction of the curl (between base and the first turn).
Cascade pincurls are volume pincurls used to create which of the following results:

fullness and height
a smooth flat space
hollow space and flare
a wider wave pattern with uniform curls
Fullness and shape.

Straight volume pincurls are used within straight shapes to create fullness and height, also referred to as stand-up, cascade and barrel pincurls.
A hard press refers to applying the pressing comb:

with less pressure
once on each side
lightly on the surface
twice with more pressure and heat
Twice with more pressure.

A hard or double press is pressing the hair twice with more pressure and heat.
The section of curl between the scalp and the first turn of the roller is called:

form
stem
base
circle
Stem.

The stem, or arc, is the hair between the scalp and the first turn of the hair around the roller, thermal iron or round brush.
How can the temperature of a pressing comb be tested?

wave it in the air and then quickly touch it
hold it close to the nose to smell if it is too hot
quickly grasp the comb in the palm of the hand
place it against a paper towel and look for a change of color
Place it against a paper towel and look for a change of color.

When working with stove-heated thermal irons, you'll need to check the temperature by testing the iron on a piece of white paper towel.
What technique is used to create a curved-under or flipped-up effect at the ends only?

roll technique
curl technique
ends technique
undulating technique
Ends technique.

With the ends technique, the curling iron is positioned to add curl texture at the ends only, used to create a curved-under or flipped-up effect.
The comb used to protect the scalp when performing curling iron techniques should be made of:
aluminum material
soft plastic material
light-weight material
heat resistant or nonflammable material
Heat resistant or nonflammable.

A heat-resistant comb is positioned between the curling iron and the scalp to protect the client's scalp from accidental burning.
Which type of set allows you to position rollers diagonally and set from multiple points of origin?

oblong
half oval
half circle
expanded circle
Oblong.

When using rollers for an oblong set, rollers are positioned diagonally and set from multiple points of origin.
Which base control is used when the tool sits in the lower portion of the base, but not on or below the parting?

on base
off base
half-off base
underdirected
Underdirected.

When the tool sits in the lower portion of the base, but not on or below the parting, this position is known as underdirected.
All of the following are true about using a thermal iron on tinted, white or very fine hair EXCEPT:

lower iron temperature is used
highest iron temperature is used
hot iron is closed lightly on a damp towel before curling
iron is tested on hair prior to service to prevent scorching
Highest iron temperature is used.

Some tinted hair, white hair and very fine hair will also benefit by testing the iron and proceeding with a lower iron temperature.
If the client wants volume, where should the brush be positioned when air forming with a round brush?

on top of hair
on top of the ends
underneath the hair
curled out from ends and up
Underneath the hair.

For volume, the brush is positioned underneath the hair.
What part of a curl is positioned around the roller?

stem
base
form
circle
Circle.

The circle of a curl is the hair that is positioned around the roller, thermal iron or round brush. It determines the size of the curl.
The off-base pincurl produces which of the following results?

closeness and mobility
the greatest amount of curl
the least amount of closeness
the least amount of movement
Closeness and mobility.

Off-base control is used when design closeness and mobility are required.
What is the area between partings within a shape on which a roller is placed?

base
form
stem
circle of a curl
Base.

The base is the area between straight or curved partings within a shape or the section of hair on which the roller, thermal iron or round brush is placed.
Hair that is held at a 45-degree angle above the center of the base and rolled to sit in the upper portion of the base is described by which of the following terms?

on base
overdirected
half-off base
underdirected
Overdirected.

Hair that is held at a 45-degree angle above the center of the base and rolled to sit in the upper portion of the base is called overdirected.
What pattern is created when two oblong shapes alternate?

figure eight
O-shaped
C-shaped
S-shaped
S-shaped.

Generally, two or more oblong shapes are used in a hair design to create an alternating wave (S-shaped) pattern.
The technique in which the fingers are used to manipulate and design the hair while using a blow dryer is called:

air forming
finger styling
hair pressing
press and curl
Finger styling.

Finger styling is a technique in which the fingers are used to manipulate and design the hair as it is dried with the blow dryer.
If a client requests a temporary hair straightening service, which of the following methods should be used?

finger styling
hair pressing
spiral curling iron technique
air forming with a round brush
Hair pressing.

Hair pressing or silking is a technique for temporarily straightening curly and tightly curled hair.
The combination of the size of the base in relation to the diameter of the tool and the position of the tool in relation to the base is called:

curl control
base control
diameter control
combination control
Base control.

Base control refers to the size of the base in relation to the diameter of the tool.
Hair breakage may result from which of the following actions?

pressing hair too often
less pressure on the hair
short contact time on the hair
lower pressing comb temperature
Pressing hair too often.

Avoid pressing chemically damaged hair and pressing the hair too often, which can cause breakage.
The hair type that generally requires lower temperatures and less contact time when using an electric curling iron is which ofthe following?

red hair
healthy hair
resistant hair
chemically altered hair
Chemically altered hair.

Lower temperatures are recommended for fine, chemically altered, lightened and damaged hair.
How is the majority of hair straightening accomplished during a pressing service?

taking wide partings
applying excess pressing oil
using the center teeth of the pressing comb
pressing the spine of the comb against the hair
Pressing the spine of the comb against hair.

Smooth effects with a pressing comb are accomplished by the pressing action of the heated spine of the comb against the hair.
The area of hair designing in which the hair is manipulated into the desired shapes and movements while wet and then allowed to dry is known as:

wet design
form design
thermal design
directional design
Wet design.

Wet design refers to the area of hair designing in which the hair is manipulated into the desired shapes and movements while wet and then allowed to dry.
Which of the following time periods describes how long hair pressing results last?

6 to 8 weeks
3 to 4 months
until the next perm
until the next shampoo
Until next shampoo.

Hair pressing results last until the next shampoo.
Which base control positions the tool completely off the bottom parting?

on base
off base
undirected
half-off base
Off base.

With an off-base tool position, the tool is positioned completely off the bottom parting.
Styling lotion supports volume and movement and:

is of foam consistency
is of liquid consistency
is a liquid dispensed through compressed gas
creates maximum control and support of the hair
Is of a liquid consistency.

Styling lotion supports volume and movement and is made of liquid consistency.
Curling iron barrels, in order to retain heat, are usually made of which of the following materials?

copper
bronze
heavy plastic
stainless steel
Stainless steel.

For best performance, curling iron barrels and grooves are made of stainless steel to retain heat.
What is the name given to large stand-up pincurls that are able to achieve a similar effect to hair wound around a roller, but resulting in less volume?

flat
circle
indentation
straight volume
Straight volume.

Straight volume pincurls are large, stand-up pincurls that achieve a similar effect to hair wound around a roller.
The process of designing wet hair into the desired position is referred to as molding or:

parting
curving
shaping
distributing
Shaping.

To mold, or shape, the hair refers to designing wet hair in straight or curved lines after the hair has been distributed.
A technique used to increase height and control form by creating a cushion or mesh at the base with a comb is called:

comb-out
backcombing
dry molding
curvature volume
Back combing.

Backcombing is a technique used to increase height and control form in a hair design by creating a cushion or mesh at the base.
Rain or humidity may cause thermally styled hair to react in which of the following ways?

curls lighten
curls discolor
hair becomes lustrous
hair returns to its original shape
Hair returns to it's original state.

Exposure to water, as in rain, humidity and shampooing, will also cause the hair to return to its original shape.
A pincurl with an open circle has the ability to produce which of the following effects?

fluffy effect
smaller wave
stronger wave
wider wave pattern with uniform curls
Wider wave pattern with uniform curls.

An open circle will produce a wider wave pattern with uniform curls.
Various shaped bases within pincurls are used to:

avoid excess curls
add volume to hairstyle
avoid splits in the finished hairstyle
increase closeness within hairstyle
Avoid splits in the finishing hairstyle.

Various shaped bases are used when working with pincurls. The primary reason for this variation of base shapes is to avoid splits in the finished hair design.
Which of the following base shapes is used within a half-circle?

circle
triangle
rhomboid
trapezius
Triangle.

For triangle-shaped bases, such as within a half-circle or half-oval, base width is measured with the large end of a cone-shaped roller
What is created by two complete oblong shapes that are joined and connected by a ridge?

a pincurl
a flat wave
a flat pincurl
a fingerwave
A fingerwave.

A finger wave is created by molding two complete alternating oblong shapes - using your fingers and comb - joined and connected by a ridge.
Which of the following base shapes is used within an oblong?

circle
triangle
rhomboid
trapezoid
Rhomboid.

For rhomboid-shaped bases, used within an oblong, base width is measured by the large end of the cone-shaped roller, while base length is measured by the length of the tool.