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80 Cards in this Set

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A sodium hydroxide relaxer service should not be performed on which of the following hair conditions?

hair that is short
fine textured hair
extremely curly hair
hair that has been bleached
Hair that has been bleached.

Do not apply sodium hydroxide relaxer to extremely porous hair that has been colored with permanent hair color or lightened hair (decolorized, bleached).
Which of the following descriptions identifies the end paper placement for the bookend technique used during perm wrapping?

one end paper on top
one end paper folded in half
two end papers folded in half
two end papers, one on top and one on the bottom
One end paper folded in half.

The bookend technique utilizes one end paper folded in half.
If perm solution comes in contact with the client's eyes or skin, which of the following actions should be taken?

cover the eye with a bandage
rinse thoroughly with hot water
rinse thoroughly with cool water
cover the eye with a warm towel
Rinse throughly with cool water.

Rinse thoroughly with cool water if waving solution comes into contact with the client's eyes or skin.
On-base control is not recommended for alkaline perms since expansion is limited at the base and:

chemicals weaken the curl
causes a crease in the hair
chemicals increase dryness
tension may cause breakage
Tension may cause breakage.

On-base control is not recommended for alkaline perms since expansion is limited at the base and tension may cause breakage.
Hair wound on rods with too much tension may cause which of the following:

lighter hair color
unpleasant odor
darker hair color
breakage or dryness
Breakage or dryness.

Hair wound on rods with too much tension may cause breakage or dryness.
Which of the following tests should be performed during a relaxer technique to determine if the proper amount of relaxation has occurred?

comb test
strand test
metallic salt test
preliminary strand test
Comb test.

The relaxation test, also known as the comb test, allows you to determine if additional smoothing is required.
The function of a curl activator is to provide moisture and:

prevent frizziness
further straighten hair
protect the hairline
help retain shape of a new curl configuration
Help retain shape of a new curl configuration.

A curl activator provides moisture and helps retain the shape of the new curl configuration.
Hair is generally referred to as fine, medium or coarse when analyzing which of the following classifications?

texture
density
porosity
elasticity
Texture.

Hair texture is classified as fine, medium or coarse when analyzing it.
A neutralizer rebonds and restores the disulfide bonds in addition to which of the following?

increases the swelling in the cortex
softens the bonds in the new shape
reduces the swelling caused by the alkalinity
increases the rate at which the perm solution absorbs into the hair
Reduces the swelling caused by the alkalinity.

The neutralizer rebonds and restores the disulfide bonds as well as reduces the swelling caused by the alkalinity.
During a chemical relaxer procedure, if the hair is tested with the back of the comb and there is a minimal amount of indentation, or if the curl pattern reverts or beads, what step may be required?

blotting the hair
rinsing immediately
applying neutralizer
additional smoothing
Additional smoothing.

If the hair is tested with the back of the comb during a chemical relaxer and there is a minimal amount of indentation, or if the curl pattern reverts, additional smoothing may be required.
Overprocessed hair could be indicated by hair that is:

oily
shiny
curly when wet and frizzy when dry
frizzy when wet and curly when dry
Curly when wet and frizzy when dry.

Overprocessed hair could be indicated by hair that is curly when wet and frizzy when dry.
What does the porosity of the hair affect when working with a chemical relaxer?

elasticity
the hairstyle
processing time
the type of relaxer
Processing time.

Porosity of the hair affects the processing time during a chemical relaxer service.
The two basic wrapping techniques for perming are called the overlap (croquignole) and:

spiral
convex
concave
end paper
Spiral.

There are two basic wrapping techniques for rotating strands of hair around a perm tool: overlap, also called croquignole, and spiral.
Water left in the end papers after rinsing the perm solution will dilute the neutralizer and:

crimp the curl ends
weaken the curl formation
create a crease in the hair
cause the curl to be tighter
Weaken the curl formation.

Water left in the end papers after rinsing the perm solution causes the neutralizer to dilute and the curl formation to weaken.
In addition to tension and perm solution what do acid waves use to perform the processing action?

heat
cold
drying
alkalinity
Heat.

Acid waves use heat along with tension and perm solution to perform the processing action.
When performing an alkaline wave on a client, thioglycolate is joined with what ingredient to create a waving lotion?

ammonia
sodium bromate
sodium hydroxide
hydrogen peroxide
Ammonia.

Thioglycolate is joined with ammonia to create a waving lotion in an alkaline wave.
Which of the following is NOT a step taken when performing a virgin sodium hydroxide relaxer service?

perform a strand test
perform periodic comb tests
pre-shampoo the client's hair
follow the service with a neutralizing shampoo
Pre-shampoo the client's hair.

Pre-shampooing the client's hair is not a step a salon professional should perform during a virgin sodium hydroxide relaxer service.
Which of the following descriptions does NOT identify a step involved in a thermal reconditioning?

straighten the hair using a flat iron
neutralize the hair with a designated product
reform to produce a new curl pattern around perm tools
relax the hair with an ammonium thioglycolate-based product
Reform to produce a new curl pattern around perm tools.

The main steps performed for thermal reconditioning are: relax the hair with a thio-based product, straighten the hair with a flat iron, and neutralize the hair with a designated product.
Super strength relaxer is used for which of the following hair conditions?

fine, porous hair
color-treated hair
curly-to-medium textured hair
tightly curled, coarse-textured hair
Tightly curled, coarse-textured hair.

Super strength relaxer is used for tightly curled, coarse-textured hair.
When performing a chemical relaxer procedure on porous hair, choose a product labeled:

mild
regular
super
extreme
Mild.

When performing a chemical relaxer service on porous hair choose a product labeled mild.
Zonal patterns, or partial perms, are designed to:

curl only the ends
produce only weak ends
avoid splits in a final design
position new texture only where it is desired
Position new texture only where it is desired.

Zonal patterns, also called partial perms, involve adding texture to certain areas, or zones, of the head.
What is used to protect the scalp and hairline from the sodium hydroxide relaxer product?

sealer
conditioner
hand lotion
base cream
Base cream.

A protective base cream is used to protect the client's scalp and hairline during a sodium hydroxide relaxer service.
What is the most likely cause of underprocessed hair?

rods too small for the desired cur
hair wrapped too tightly around rods
perm solution left on the hair too long
perm solution not left on the hair long enough
Perm solution not left on the hair long enough.

Underprocessed hair is most likely caused by perm solution not left on the hair long enough.
Which of the following statements is NOT true?

hair that has been colored cannot be permed
avoid perming damaged hair that shows breakage
do not perm hair if there are scalp abrasions present
never perm hair that has been treated with sodium hydroxide
Hair that has been colored cannot be permed.

Do not perm hair if scalp abrasions are present, hair shows breakage or has been treated with sodium hydroxide.
What is applied to a client's hairline prior to a perm service to protect the skin?

ammonia
neutralizer
perm solution
barrier (protective) cream
Barrier (protective) cream.

Barrier (protective) cream is applied to the client's hairline prior to a perm service.
What could be the cause of a perm not lasting as long as expected?

overprocessing
uneven distribution
excessive stretching
incomplete neutralization
Incomplete neutralization.

Incomplete neutralization could be the cause of a perm that does not last as long as expected.
What is used to protect the scalp and hairline from caustic chemicals?

sealer
conditioner
hand lotion
base cream
Base cream.

A protective base cream is used to protect the scalp and hairline from the chemical relaxer product.
The main ingredient found in an acid wave is:

sodium hydroxide
calcium hydroxide
potassium hydroxide
glycerol monothioglycolate
Glycerol monothioglycolate.

The main ingredient found in an acid wave is glycerol monothioglycolate.
Which relaxer strength would be used on healthy, color-treated, fine-textured or porous hair?

mild
super
regular
resistant
Mild.

A mild relaxer strength should be used on healthy, color-treated, fine-textured or porous hair.
Which of the following steps may be required when perming resistant hair?

pre-lightening
longer processing time
longer neutralizing time
shorter processing time
Longer processing time.

Resistant hair may require a longer processing time.
To equalize the porosity of highly porous hair, it may be necessary to use which of the following products?

pre-wrap product
disulfide product
strong shampoo product
sodium hydroxide product
Pre-wrap product.

To equalize the porosity of highly porous hair, it may be necessary to use a pre-wrap product.
Virgin thio relaxers may be applied after all of the following EXCEPT:

a light shampoo
a vigorous shampoo
an analysis of hair and scalp
a strand test and an elasticity test
A vigorous shampoo.

It is recommended to pre-shampoo the hair lightly prior to applying the virgin thio relaxer.
What is the range of pH for alkaline waves?

3.0 to 4.5
5.0 to 6.5
6.9 to 7.2
8.0 to 9.5
8.0 to 9.5

Alkaline waves have a pH range of 8.0 to 9.5.
Why should brushing the hair before any chemical service be avoided?

prevents scalp irritations
increases static electricity
causes the cuticle to flatten
increases excretion of sebum
Prevents scalp irritations.

Brushing hair before a perm may cause scalp irritation.
What could be the cause of weak or limp curls?


client's mood
overprocessing
underprocessing
using rods that are too small
Underprocessing.

Weak or limp curls can be caused by underprocessing.
To remove all chemicals after the hair has been neutralized the hair needs to be:

rinsed
blotted
relaxed
reprocessed
Rinsed.

To remove all chemicals after the hair has been neutralized, the hair will need to be rinsed.
When performing a metallic test, immerse at least 20 strands of hair in the prepared mixture for:

5 minutes
10 minutes
15 minutes
30 minutes
30 minutes.

When performing a test for metallic salts, immerse at least 20 strands of hair in the prepared mixture for 30 minutes.
The hair's ability to stretch and return to its original shape is called:

texture
density
porosity
elasticity
Elasticity.

Elasticity is the hair's ability to stretch and return to its original shape.
Which of the following could describe what determines the processing time and proper perm solution?

client's growth pattern
client's natural hair color
the size of the applicator bottle
the texture, elasticity and porosity of the client's hair
The texture, elasticity, and porosity of the client's hair.

The texture, elasticity and porosity determine the processing time and proper perm solution.
Rearrangers are used during a curl reformation process to reduce the natural curl. What is the main ingredient found in rearranges?

hydrogen peroxide
sodium hydroxide
ammonium thioglycolate
glycerol monothioglycolate
Hydrogen peroxide.

Ammonium thioglycolate is the main ingredient found in rearrangers, which are used during a curl reformation process to reduce the natural curl.
When using the double paper technique, the first end paper is positioned under the strand past the ends of the hair, and the second paper is placed on top of the strand and:

near the scalp
next to the scalp
slightly past the first end paper
lined up exactly with the bottom paper
Slightly passed the first end paper.

The double-paper technique utilizes one end paper placed under the strand past the ends of the hair with the second paper placed on top of the strand and slightly past the first end paper.
An acid-balanced neutralizing shampoo or stabilizer is used after the hair is free of chemicals to:

smooth the hair
loosen the shape
condition the hair
reharden the hair
Reharden the lock.

It is important to use an acid-balanced neutralizing shampoo or stabilizer to reharden (lock) the hair into its new, straighter shape.
To protect previously treated hair from the chemical product when performing a relaxer retouch service, what should be applied?

powder
alkaline product
protective cream
neutralizing product
Protective cream.

To protect previously treated hair from the chemical product, a protective cream should be applied.
With concave rods the hair on both ends must travel farther than the hair in the center to make one complete turn around the rod, creating a:

larger, looser curl in the center
narrow curl throughout the strands
consistent curl throughout the strands
wider and more spiraling pattern on the ends
Wider and more spiraling pattern on the ends.

Concave rods create a wider and more spiraling pattern in the hair wrapped around the ends.
Proper draping procedures for chemical services accomplish all of the following EXCEPT:

preventing burns
preventing skin irritation
protecting the client's clothing
place cape between client and chair back
Place cape between client and chair back.

Proper draping procedures protect the client's clothing and skin to help prevent skin irritation and burns.
In the perm procedure, proper end paper techniques will eliminate crimps or:

bevels in the hair
spirals in the hair
beads on the ends of the hair
fishhooks on the ends of the hair
Fishhooks on the ends of the hair.

Proper end paper techniques will eliminate crimps or fishhooks on the ends of the hair.
Which of the following descriptions does NOT identify the meaning of porosity?

the hair's ability to stretch
the hair's ability to retain liquids
the hair's ability to absorb liquids
the hair's ability to absorb perming solution
The hair's ability to stretch.

Porosity refers to the ability of the hair to absorb moisture, liquids or chemicals. The more porous the hair, the more able it is to absorb the perm solution.
What determines the size and shape of the new curl configuration?

hair color
perm solution
perm rod size
neutralizing solution
Perm rod size.

Perm rod size determines the size and shape of the new curl configuration.
Which of the following is NOT true about acid perms?

better for fragile hair
slower processing time
create soft, natural curls
better for use on resistant hair
Better for use on resistant hair.

Acid perms create soft natural curls, are better for fagile hair and have a slower processing time.
Virgin relaxers may be applied away from the scalp because body heat will:

cause it to melt
cause it to harden
diffuse it throughout the air
allow it to spread upward toward the scalp
Allow it to spread upward toward the scalp.

Chemical relaxers have a tendency to spread toward the scalp due to body heat, so further application may not be needed.
To create the most volume, which tool position should be used?

on base
off base
half-off base
underdirected
On base.

The on-base tool position creates the most volume.
During a curl reforming service, what size parting should be used?

wider than normal
thinner than normal
twice as wide as normal
three times as wide as normal
Thinner than normal.

A thinner than normal parting is used for wrapping hair during a curl reforming service.
How far from the scalp should a virgin relaxer be applied?

1/4" to 1/2"
3/4" to 1"
1 1/4" to 1 1/2"
1 3/4" to 2 1/2"
1/4" to 1/2".

Virgin relaxer should be applied 1/4" (.6 cm) to 1/2" (1.25 cm) from the scalp.
Which of the following conditions determines the processing time and proper relaxer strength to use?

natural hair color
length of the hair
how soon hair will be cut
texture, elasticity and porosity
Texture, elasticity, porosity.

Texture, elasticity and porosity determine the processing time and proper relaxer strength to use.
Before perming, determine if the hair has been tinted, bleached, highlighted/frosted or:

conditioned
set in pincurls
previously permed
cut in the past month
Previously permed.

Before perming, determine if the hair has been tinted, bleached, highlighted/frosted or previously permed.
Which of the following chemicals is NOT one of the main ingredients found in most neutralizers?

potassium
sodium bromate
sodium perborate
hydrogen peroxide
Potassium.

Sodium bromate, sodium perborate and hydrogen peroxide are the main ingredients found in most neutralizers.
One of the causes for breakage in the nape after a relaxer service is due to:

improper rinsing
lack of sensitivity
improper formulation
insufficient moisture content
Improper rinsing.

Improperly rinsing the relaxer product from the client's nape can cause breakage within the nape after relaxing.
The size of the base and the angle at which the hair is projected while wrapping determines the:

roller size
base control
tool position
curl formation
Tool position.

Tool position is determined by the size of the base and the angle at which the hair is projected while wrapping.
If curl reforming is desired, cut off all hair previously treated with which of the following?

peroxide
sodium hydroxide
ammonium thioglycolate
glycerol monothioglycolate
Sodium hydroxide.

If curl reforming is desired, cut off all hair previously treated with sodium hydroxide.
Which of the following descriptions is NOT a basic relaxer service?

acid
virgin
zonal
curl diffusion
Acid.

There are four basic relaxer services: curl diffusion, virgin relaxer, retouch relaxer and zonal relaxer.
Prior to performing a preliminary test curl, hair should be shampooed and:

left wet
air dried
thermally dried
gently towel-dried
Gently towel-dried.

Prior to a preliminary test curl, hair should be freshly shampooed and gently towel dried.
After completing a service it is important to update the client's:

record card
release form
consultation form
home care products
Record card.

After completing a service, it is important to update the client's record card.
Alkaline perms produce faster processing times and:

more shine
better color
stronger curl
less curl consistency
Stronger curl.

Alkaline perms produce faster processing times and a stronger curl.
Sodium hydroxide relaxers are also known as:

lye relaxers
thio relaxers
no-lye relaxers
base chemical relaxers
Lye relaxers.

Sodium hydroxide relaxers are also known as lye relaxers.
The primary method for applying the relaxer chemical is with a:

clip
brush
spatula
spray bottle
Brush.

The primary method for applying the relaxer chemical is with a brush.
A pull test is performed to check for which of the following conditions:

porosity
melanin
elasticity
brittleness
Elasticity.

A pull test is a method to check for elasticity.
When performing a curl reformation service, the rod diameter chosen should be at least how many times larger than the diameter of the natural curl pattern?

two
four
six
ten
Two.

When performing a curl reformation service, the rod diameter chosen should be at least two times larger than the diameter of the natural curl pattern.
The chemical phase of perms involves all of the following EXCEPT:

applying neutralizer
applying perm solution
wrapping hair around the perm tool
rinsing the perm solution from the hair
Wrapping hair around perm tool.

The chemical phase of perms involves applying perm solution, rinsing perm solution and applying neutralizer.
In alkaline waves, the perm solution chemically breaks or reduces the:

porosity of the hair
medulla of the hair
strong disulfide bonds
color molecules in the hair
Strong disulfide bonds.

In alkaline waves, the perm solution chemically breaks the strong disulfide bonds.
What ingredient in color products could cause uneven curls, discoloration and hair breakage?

red dye
metallic salt
oxidative color
nonoxidative color
Metallic salt.

If metallic salts are present during a perm service the results could include uneven curls, discoloration and hair breakage.
Which type of perm rod would be used to achieve uniform curls?

curved
convex
straight
concave
Straight.

Use a straight perm rod to achieve uniform curls.
The alkalinity of cold waves causes the hair fiber to soften and:

swell
shrink
become brittle
become acidic
Swell.

The alkalinity of cold waves causes the hair fiber to soften and swell.
What is the optimum percent of natural curl pattern to remove when relaxing?

25%
50%
75%
85%
85%.

The optimum percent of natural curl pattern to remove when relaxing is 85%.
What should be applied to the hair to restore protein or moisture lost during a chemical process?

mousse
cholesterol
barrier cream
protein and/or moisturizing conditioner
Protein and/or moisturizing conditioner.

A protein or moisturizing conditioner can be applied to help restore protein and/or moisture balance lost during processing.
Hair density does not always correspond to which of the following?

color
texture
porosity
elasticity
Texture.

Hair density does not always correspond to hair texture.
What is the shape of a tightly curled hair follicle?

oval
round
straight
elliptical
Elliptical.

The shape of a tightly curled hair follicle is elliptical.
Skipping rods when applying perm solution could cause:

breakage
frizziness
loss of all curl
inconsistent curl formation
Inconsistent curl formation.

Skipping rods when applying perm solution could cause inconsistent curl formation.
Which tool position results in no curl at the scalp and a minimal degree of volume?

on base
off base
half-off base
underdirected
Off base.

The off-base tool position results in no curl at the scalp and a minimal degree of volume.
What product should NOT be applied to hair that has been previously permed with ammonium thioglycolate?

neutralizer
conditioner
metallic salts
sodium hydroxide
Sodium hydroxide.

Do not apply sodium hydroxide to hair that has been permed with ammonium thioglycolate or to hair that is going to be permed with ammonium thioglycolate.
The more porous hair is:

the more elastic it is
the more coarse it is
the less resistant it is to absorbing perm solution
the more resistant it is to absorbing perm solution
The less resistant it is to the absorbing perm solution.

The more porous hair is, the less resistant it is to absorbing perm solution.