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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Three-sectioning is an effective way to measure the proportions of the:

face
neck
shoulders
entire body shape
Face.

Three-sectioning is an effective way to measure the proportions of the face.
Which of the following personality types makes decisions based on what is logical, objective and impersonal?

thinking
sensing
introverted
structured
Thinking.

Thinking individuals tend to make decisions based on what is logical, objective and impersonal.
The three primary colors are yellow, blue and:

red
green
orange
yellow
Red.

The three primary colors are yellow, red and blue.
The visual appearance or feel of a surface that can be smooth or rough is known as:

form
color
shape
texture
Texture.

Surface textures are divided into two main categories: unactivated (smooth) and activated (rough).
The outline or silhouette of an object is known as:

shape
texture
porosity
composition
Shape.

Shape is the outer boundary, outline or silhouette of a design.
In which of the three levels of observation does the designer use qualitative analysis?

abstract
texture
detail
form
Detail.

Qualitative analysis is used in the detail level of observation.
When all units are identical except for position, the design principle is known as:

contrast
repetition
alternation
progression
Repetition.

With the design principle repetition, all units are identical except for position.
What type of hair texture creates a wide silhouette and generally holds a style for a longer period of time?

fine and straight
curly and coarse
medium and blonde
unactivated and straight
Curly and course.

Curly, coarse hair tends to create a wider silhouette.
Which of the following is the standard proportion between the head and body of a woman that most artists use?

1 to 5
1 to 6
1 to 7
1 to 8
1 to 7.

According to the standard proportion most artists use, the head of a woman should be 1/7 of her overall body height.
Straight, convex and concave are terms used in design that refer to which of the following?

profile
hair style
body shape
facial shape
Profile.

There are three different types of profiles: straight, convex and concave.
Which Service Essential involves building rapport with your guests and putting them at ease?

Create
Consult
Connect
Complete
Connect.

The Connect phase of the four Service Essentials involves building rapport with your guests and putting guests at ease.
The four Service Essentials are Connect, Consult, Create and:

Communicate
Comfort
Complete
Confirm
Complete.

Complete is the last of the service essentials.
Which term describes the number of hair follicles per square inch on the scalp?

color
texture
density
growth pattern
Density.

Density describes the number of hair follicles per square inch on the scalp and is usually referred to as light, medium or heavy.
A two-dimensional representation of form consisting of length and width, but not depth, is called a(n):

circle
shape
triangle
celestial axis
Shape.

As a two-dimensional representation of form consisting of length and width but not depth, a shape is generally seen as a flat space or plane, enclosed by a line that has turned to meet itself.
A dominant, protruding forehead and chin with a small nose are characteristics of a:

short profile
convex profile
straight profile
concave profile
Concave profile.

A concave profile has an inward curve, which is most often the result of a dominant, protruding forehead and chin or a small nose.
Which of the following guidelines is true if the client has a heart facial shape?

leave hair close at nape
add width at the forehead
leave fullness at the nape
add width at the cheekbones
Leave fullness at the nape.

For a heart-shaped face, if the hair is shorter, the nape still needs to be full.
When three-sectioning the facial area, the middle or second section includes:

the forehead
the tip of the nose to the tip of the chin
the front hairline to the middle of the eyebrows
the middle of the eyebrows to the tip of the nose
The middle of the eyebrows to the tip of the nose.

Section two (when three-sectioning the face) is the middle of the eyebrows to the tip of the nose.
Which of the following describes the term "profile"?

a view of the face from the front
an outline of the face from the side
an outline of the face from the back
a view from the top of the head looking down
An outline of the face from the side.

A profile is an outline of an object from the side, especially the side with a view of the face and head.
Which facial shape looks good with almost any hair style, length or texture?

oval
round
square
diamond
Oval.

Oval faces look good with almost any hair design, length or texture.
Weight positioned equally on both sides of a center axis is considered:

symmetrical
asymmetrical
alternating
off center
Symmetrical.

Symmetrical balance, or harmonious arrangement, is created when weight is positioned equally on both sides of a center axis.
Balance in a design is identified by which of the following definitions?

the term used to describe the speed of a hairstyle
the term used to describe the silhouette of an object
one of the three major design elements, which also include form and texture
a state of equilibrium between contrasting elements in the design
A state of equilibrium between contrasting elements in the design.

Balance is the state of equilibrium existing between contrasting, opposite or interacting elements.
A designer should NOT accentuate the narrowness at the temples and width at the jawline in what type of facial shape?

pear
heart
square
diamond
Pear.

The pear-shaped face is most often elongated, with a forehead that is narrow and a jaw that is the widest area of the face.
A symbol that will help you to identify the straight and curved lines, angles and directions of a hair design is called a(n):

line
shape
outline
celestial axis
Celestial axis.

A celestial axis is a symbol that will support you in identifying straight and curved lines, angles and directions.
Wearing a coordinated outfit would fall into which of the following style categories?

casual
classic
gamine
romantic
Casual.

Most clients who fall in the classic category choose items that can be combined with each other.
The three-dimensional representation of shape is called:

line
form
shape
design
Form.

Form is the three-dimensional representation of shape.
Which of the following lines are parallel to the horizon and floor and create a feeling of maximum weight and stability?

curved
vertical
diagonal
horizontal
Horizontal.

Horizontal lines are parallel to the horizon and floor and give the impression of stability and calmness.
Which of the following terms describes the outward reflection of inner thoughts, feelings, values and attitude?

personality
appearance
environment
effective communication
Personality.

Personality is defined as the outward reflection of inner thoughts, feelings, values and attitudes.
Which of the following is true regarding design decisions about clients who wear glasses?

select large glasses for a large face
select small glasses for a large face
a narrow frame can add width to a narrow face
a wide frame can make a wide face look more slender
Select large glasses for a large face.

A guideline in selecting eyeglasses for a client with a large face is to suggest large glasses.
Which design principle refers to units that are opposite, create variety and stimulate interest?

contrast
repetition
alternation
progression
Contrast.

Contrast is a desirable relationship of opposites.
Short and sturdy body shapes often have:

wide shoulders and hips
dominant shoulders and average hips
neither hips nor shoulders dominant
wide shoulders and narrow hips
Wide shoulders and hips.

Wide shoulders and hips characteristic of a short and sturdy body shape.
A casual and comfortable clothing style may also be described as:

gamine
dramatic
low maintenance
high maintenance
Low maintenance.

Clients in the casual category like their clothing and everything in their environment to be comfortable and low maintenance.
What type of balance is created when the weight is positioned unequally from a center axis?

contrast
proportion
symmetrical balance
asymmetrical balance
Asymmetrical balance.

Asymmetrical balance, or off-center arrangement, is created when weight is positioned unequally from a center axis.
Adding volume to the fringe area and forehead will visually shrink the length of the nose in which profile?

curved
convex
straight
concave
Convex.

Adding volume to the fringe area and the forehead will visually shorten the length of the nose to create the illusion of a straight profile on a client with a convex profile.
The front hairline and jaw are almost horizontal in which facial shape?

oval
round
square
diamond
Square.

The square face looks angular with straight lines; the front hairline and jaw line are almost horizontal while the cheekbones protrude very little on the sides.
The arrangement of shapes, lines and ornamental effects to create an artistic whole is known as:

form
shape
design
proportion
Design.

Design is the arrangement of shapes, lines and ornamental effects to create an artistic whole.
Which of the following should NOT be considered if the client has a diamond facial shape?

adding width at the jaw line
adding width at the forehead
adding width at the cheekbones
using a side part and diagonal fringe
Adding width at the cheekbones.

Clients with a diamond-shaped face need narrow sides and fullness at the chin.
Which of the following terms is NOT one of the three levels of observation?

shape
basic
detail
abstract
Shape.

The three levels of observation are: basic, detail and abstract.
Which of the following terms is defined as any portion or part in relation to the whole?

form
shape
design
proportion
Proportion.

Proportion is defined as any portion or part in relation to the whole.
When all units are similar yet gradually change proportionately in an ascending or descending scale, this type of design principle is called:

contrast
repetition
alternation
progression
Progression.

With progression, all units are similar yet gradually change proportionately in an ascending or descending scale.
When two or more units are repeated in a sequential repetition, this design principle is better known as:

contrast
repetition
alternation
progression
Alternation.

Alternation is a sequential repetition in which two or more units occur in a repeating pattern.