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59 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the study of small organisms?
Microbiology
what is bacteria
germs or microbes.
one celled micro organisms.
What is Nonpathogenic
does not produce disease, found in food, harmless, beneficial.
What is Pathogenic
produces disease, lives everywhere in body,
round bacteria that is single,
Cocci
pus forming grapelike bunches or clusters such as: abscesses, boils, pustules.

my name is phyl, i hang out with a "bunch" of guys and sometimes we "boil" up lots of trouble.
staphylococci
also pus forming, long chains that cause septicemia, strep throat, rheumatic fever.

my name is pearl. i come from a long "chain" of hot oysters, so hot we bring a "fever".
streptococci
grows in pairs, and causes pneumonia.

our names are arnold and danny, we are a "pair"and when we are around everyone starts coughing.
diplocicci (diplo means double)
most common, bar or rod shaped cells that produce the flue, typhoid fever and tuberculosis.

my name is RODney, im a tough guy with lots of muscle. i have the power to lock your jaw!
Bacilli (bar=bacilli)
spiral, coiled, highly contagious like syphilis, cholera and lyme disease.

my name is curly, i am very "coiled" and curvy.
spirilla (s=spiral)
What is the growth of bacteria
the growth cycle of two stages, active and inactive.
grow rapidly
reproduce
dark damp and dirty places
divides (mitosis) creats moisture
Active
not always active, has a wax coating.
inactive
sub microscopic particles (smaller than bacteria) cause known COMMON COLDS. HBV(human hepatitus) AIDS, HIV...CONTAGEOUS
Viruses
molds, yeasts, produce contagious disease. ( ringworm, dandriff, nail fungi)
parasitic fungi
insects, such as scabies, lice, pediculosis
parasitic mites
when disease causing bacteria/viruses contagiours or communicable disease.

caused bt virus entering the body by touch or air.
infection
a small confined area in pus filled boils, pimple, or inflamed area (little)
local
systemic, circulatory system carries germs and toxins all over the body. GIANt
general ( giant)
you dont see any recognizable symptoms but still carry disease
asymptomatic carrier.
bodys ability to destroy infection
immunity
you were born able to fight disease
natural
you get a shot to fight it
passive
what is infection control
efforts to prevent the spread of disease and kill CERTAIN or ALL microbes
what does sterilization kill?
ALL microbes
what does bloodborne pathogen disinfection kill?
SOME HIV/HBV/tuberculocidal
what does Disinfection kills
bacteria and viruses on nonporus surfaces
what does antiseptic prevent?
the growth of micro organisms
what does sanitation remove?
dirt/ debris, prevents growth of microbes
arrest growth micro organisms
antiseptic
required for toold that come into contact with blood
bloodborne pathogen disinfection
kill bacteria virus and pneumonia
broad spectrum (hospital grade)
disinfected use ( label on back)
efficacy label
what are the four steps in first aid for fleeding and wounds
step 1. put gause using gloves and apply pressure for 5 min.
step 2. call 911 if bleedings severe
step 3. elevate above heart
step 4. never use tourniquet
FIRST AID BURNS
Chemical
1. rinse all traces of chemical. move clothing
2. cover loosely with clean dry cloth
3. refer person to medical
FIRST AID BURNS
Heat or Electrical
1. if skin isnt broken put cool water and cool compress
2. dont break blister or apply creame
3.if skins broken call 911 dont do anything.
FIRST AID
CHOKING
1. determine if they can talk or cough. if no call 911 while doing abdominal thursts.
2. stand behind victum wrap arms around their belly.
3. make thumbless fist with one hand and with other place fist above belly button and well below the ribs with thumb na dforefinger side toward person.
4. perform upward thrust by grasping fist
FIRST AID
FAINTING
1. lay them down on back, fresh air
2. reassure victim and apply cold compress to face
3.if victim pukes roll onto side, windpipe clear.
CALL 911 if not reain consciousness
First AID
EYE INJURY
CHEMICAL
hold eyelids apart, flish eyebal with lukewarm water for 15-30 min, dont let runoff flow into eyes.
place gauze pad or clothing over both eyes and secure.
go to eye doc.
FIRST AID EYE INJURY
CUT, SCRATCH, OR EMBEDDED OBJECT
place gauze pad or cloth over eyes and secure
dont remove object
get to doctor
bacteriology is the study of
bacteria
bacteria is
one celled microorganisms
bacterial cells that are harmless to humans and beneficial are
nonpathogenic
what doesnt produce disease
saprophytes
a comunicable disease refers to what
spread from one to another
common cold, hepatitis, and measles are
communicable diseases
germ or bacteria means the same as
microbe
pathogenic bacteria are not responsible for
causing refuse to decay
most common form of bacterial cells are
bacilli
what doesnt allow bacteria or viruses to ente the body?
healthy skin.
what describes bacteria
with three basic shapes
this is not caused by a virus
tuberculosis
nurses, doctors, teachers and cosmetologists maybe inoculated against?
hepatitus B
HIV can not be transferred by
holding hands
organisms that live on nutrients from others are
external parasites
what isnt a contagion
flagella
what would be a local infection?
pus filled boil
univeral precautions require you to preform infection control procedure with
all clients
a person who doesnt show symptons is
asymptomatic carrier