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65 Cards in this Set

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an important change that had taken place in England during the 1500s
England had become a Protestant country in which the Bible was freely availabel to all
Queen Elizabeth I
the Queen of England during from 1558 to 1603; the Queen who called for a Bible to be placed in every churech
John Wycliffe
the Englishman who exposed false doctrines of the Roman church and had the entire Bible translated into English for the first time
William Tyndale
his English translation of the Bible circulated widely in Britain during the 1500s
Henry VIII
the English king who broke all ties between England and the Roman church, making the English Reformation official
Magna Carta
the charter signed by King John of England which helped to prepare England for limited government
1497
John Cabot explores the Atlantic coast of North America and claims the land for England
John Cabot
the English explorer who clamed the Atlantic coast of North America for England
Francis Drake
the first Englishman to sail around the world
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
a English adventurer who made many unsuccessful attempts to plant colonies in North America; he drowned at sea
Sir Walter Raleigh
the Englishman who tried to start a colony in Ronoke; the first colony was abandoned and the second was lost
John White
the governor of Ronoke
Virgina Dare
the first English child to be born in America
"Croatoan"
the word carved on a tree in Ronoke that was the only clue to the fate of the Ronoke colony
joint-stock company
when several businessmen invest in a single company to support a venture
King James I
the English king who granted a charter allowing two joint-stock companies to undertake colonization in Virgina
the London Company
the company that was supposed to settle in southern Virgina and was centered in London
the Plymouth Company
the company that was supposed to settle in northern Virgina and was located in Plymouth
the important provision outlined for the colonists in the charter
colonists were to enjoy the same rights andl liberties as Englishmen abiding in the home country
1607
the Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery caring over 100 settlers sail into Chesapeake Bay
Jamestown
the first permanent English settlement in the New World
Jamestown's problems
the low-lying land was mararia-infested, the river water was contaminated, hostile Indians troubled the colony, and most of the settlers were either too lazy to work or too proud to do common labor
common-store system
Jamestown's biggest problem; each man was required to place the fruit of his labor in a common store hous and each was entitled to receive food and supplies fro the storehous according to his need
communal
belonging to the community
America's first experiment with a form of socialism
failed miserably
Captain John Smith
saved the colony of Jamestow from self-destruction and establish the policy that any who would not work should not eat
"starving time"
the winter of 1609-1610
John Rolfe
one of the moset famous Virginia settlers who married the Indian princess; he introduced the Virginia coloniests to the growing of tobacco
Pocahontas
the Indian princess who John Rolfe maried
tobacco
the crop that John Rolfe introduced to the Virginians
indentured servant
one who entered into an agreement by which he had his passage to Americas paid by an established colonists; in return, the servant was obligated to to work for his benefactor with out pay for an agreed-upon period of time, usually four to seven years, before becoming a free man
free enterprise or capitalism
when a government leaves individuals free to own businesses and make a living dependent on their own enterprise; would become a cornerstone of America's greatness
enterprise
initiative
1619
the first women arrived in Virgina
first Africans in Virgina
arrived on a Dutch ship that came from Africa with a cargo of about 30 black servants to be sold to the settlers
burgesses
delegates
House of Burgesses
an assembly of delegates from the various districs of Virgina that advised the governor of the colony and assisted him in making lows; set an important precedent for representative government
royal colony
a colony owned by the king and administered by his royal governor
dissenters
those who did not conform to the Church of England
Puritans
those who wished to "purify" the Church of England
"Separatists"
those who wanted to separate from the Church of England
Scrooby, England
Separatists from this village decided to move to Holland
John Robinson
the pastor who led the Separatists from Scrooby to Leyden
Pilgrims
the courageous people who left all to come to the American wilderness
1620
the Pligrims board the Mayflower in Plymouth, England
Mayflower
the Pilgrim ship that set sail for the New Word from Plymouth, England
"Strangers"
the passengers abord the Mayflower that were not Separatists
"New England"
the Pligrims landed far to the north of Virgina in an region they called "New England"
Cape Cod
the harbor that the Mayflower landed in
Mayflower Compact
a document that set an improtant precedent for representative government
"Plymouth Rock"
the boulder which tradition says the Pligrims used as a stepping stone
Squanto
an Indian who spoke English and acted as a guide and interpreter and taught the Pilgrims to hunt, fish, and grow crops
Samoset
the Indian who introduced the Pilgrims to Squanto
Massasoit
the chief of the Wampanoag Indians
Miles Standish
the Stranger who headed Plymouth's military defense force
John Alden
the Stranger who rose to a high plitical office
Wiliam Bradford
the second governor of the Plymouth Colony; wrote History of Plymouth Plantation and governed for over 30 years
Council for New England
the legal controllers of the territory in which the Pligrims had setteled
communial system
promoted a lack of diligence and efficinecy
what made Plymouth a sucessful colony
faith in God, a strong belief in the Protestant work ethic, and the exercise of the free enterprise system
what the Pilgrims gave America
an eraly example of republican self-government; an improtant example for religious liberty
the signers of the Mayflower Compact
were all freemen
General Court
a body of freemen who met in order to pass laws and conduct the business of the colony
religious liberty in Plymouth
all people were free to attend the churches of their choice
Congregational Church
the church founded by the Pilgrims that became very important in New England