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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following types of research does not use existing data?
A)Historical research
C)Survey research
B)Secondary analyses
D)Meta-analyses
Survey research
Among which of the following dimensions do self-report methods vary?
A) Structure
B) Quantifiability
C) Objectivity
D) All of the above
All of the above
Which of the following data collection approaches does not belong with the others?
A) Questionnaire
C) Life history
B) Focused interview
D) Focus group interview
Questionnaire
A major advantage of closed-ended questions is that they:
Are analyzed in a straightforward manner
A major purpose of an instrument pretest is to:
Detect inadequacies in an interview schedule or questionnaire
Interviews are generally preferable to questionnaires because:
The quality of the data tends to be higher
Questionnaires have the advantage of:
Offering the possibility of anonymity
On a five-point Likert scale, a person who strongly agreed with a statement would be scored as:
Cannot be determined
On a 20-item Likert scale with five response categories, the range of possible scores is:
20 to 100
The semantic differential scale consists of:
Sets of bipolar adjectives representing a continuum of views about a concept
A method used to measure subjective experiences such as pain and fatigue is:
Visual analog scales
Which of the following statements is true?
Q-sorts are typically administered through the mail
Q-sorts are rarely done with fewer than 50 statements to be sorted
The number of piles in a Q-sort is an even number
The dimension along which statements are always sorted in a Q-sort is agree/disagree
Q-sorts are rarely done with fewer than 50 statements to be sorted
The social desirability response set is least likely to be a problem on scales incorporated into which of the following?
Mailed anonymous questionnaires
A person who marked “strongly agree” to all or most items on a Likert scale could be called a(n):
Yea-sayer
Vignettes can easily be incorporated into:
Questionnaires
When an observer is not concealed, the findings may be biased because of:
Reactivity
Which of the following is not a type of note maintained by a participant observer?
A) Descriptive notes
C) Reflective notes
B) Participatory notes
D) Methodologic notes
Participatory notes
Which of the following structured observational methods record the intensity or degree of an observed behavior along a continuum?
A) Category system
B) Logs
C) Checklist
D) Rating scale
Rating scale
Which of the following is an example of an in vitro measure?
Electromyogram recordings
Stool cultures
Thermistor readings
Renal arteriograms
Stool cultures
Which of the following is not an advantage of using biophysiologic measures in nursing studies?
They are relatively accurate and precise
They can be used to measure most outcomes of interest to nurses
They are objective, requiring minimal inference
They are typically cost-effective because they are available for clinical purposes
They can be used to measure most outcomes of interest to nurses
Hospital records can be used in quantitative studies, not qualitative ones.
False
Questionnaires tend to yield data high on structure, quantifiability, obtrusiveness, and objectivity.
True
Most nursing studies involve data collected by structured biophysiologic measures.
False
The greater the degree of structure an interview has, the more accurate are the results.
False
Topic guides are used to collect data in unstructured observational studies.
False
Questionnaires tend to be more structured, with more closed-ended questions, than interview schedules.
True
A major purpose of tightly structured questionnaires is to ensure comparability of responses from study participants.
True
Closed-ended questions ask participants to choose the most appropriate answer from a list of alternatives.
True
Open-ended items are more difficult to construct than closed-ended ones.
False
Interview schedules are generally more effective than questionnaires as a means of obtaining information about socially unacceptable behaviors.
False