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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anatomy
deals with structure
Physiology
deals with function
Metabolism
sum total of reactions occurring within organism
movement
change in position of organism or body part; motion of internal organ
responsiveness
reaction to change taking place inside or outside the body
growth
increase in body size w/o change in shape
respiration
obtaining oxygen and using it to release energy from foods; removal of carbon
digesion
breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be absorbed and used
absorption
passage of substances through membranes into body fluids
circulation
movement of substances from place to place in body fluids
assimilation
changing of absorbed susbstances into chemically different forms
excretion
removal of wastes produced by metabolic reactions
homeostasis
maintenance of relatively stable internal environment
homeostatic mechanisms
self-regulating activities that maintain environment within narrow ranges
axial body cavity
head, neck, trunk
appendicular
limbs
dorsal cavity
subdivided into cranial cavity (contains brain) and vertbral cavity (contains spinal cord)
ventral cavity
subdivided into thoracic cavity (contains heart, lungs) and abdominopelvic cavity (contains stomach, intestines, liver, urinary bladder, etc.)
viscera
contents of body cavities
parietal membrane
attached to the wall of cavity
visceral membrane
attached to organ w/in cavity
pleura membrane
assoc. w/ the lungs
pericardium membrane
assoc. w/ the adbdominopelvic cavity