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118 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
prefixes
word beginnings
suffixes
word endings
root
the foundation of a word
combining vowel
a letter linking a suffix and a root, or linking two roots, in a term
combining form
the combination of a root and a combining vowel
adenitis
inflammation of a gland
adenoma
tumor of a gland
adenopathy
disease of the glands
anemia
abnormal blood condition of low red blood cells
arthralgia
pain of a joint
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
arthroscopy
process of visually examining a joint
autopsy
to visually examine a dead body
bacterium
any of a large group of small, unicellular microorganisms
biology
study of life
biopsy
process of viewing living tissue under a microscope
bipolar disorder
mood swings periodically from excessive mania to deep depression
carcinogenic
pertaining to producing cancer
carcinoma
cancerous tumor
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
cardiologist
doctor who specializes in the study of the heart
cardiology
study of the heart
cephalic
pertaining to the head
cerebral
pertaining to the cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cystitis
inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystoscope
instrument used to view the urinary bladder
cystoscopy
process of visually examining the urinary bladder
cytology
study of the cells
depression
deep sadness, despair and discouragement
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
cerebrovascular accident
occurs when damage to blood vessels in the cerebrum causes injury to nerve cells of the brain
dermatology
study of the skin
dermis
middle layer of skin
diagnosis
state of complete knowledge of a condition
electrocardiogram
record of the electricity of the heart
electrocencephalogram
record of the electricity of the brain
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain
endocrine glands
glands that secret hormones within the body
endocrinologist
specialist who treats disorders of the endocrine glands
endocrinology
study of the endocrine glands
endoscope
instrument to visually examine within the body
endocrinology
study of the endocrine glands
endoscope
instrument to visually examine within the body
endoscopy
process of visually examining within the body
enteritis
inflammation of the intestines
enteropathy
disease of the intestines
epidermis
above the dermis, the outer layer of skin
epigastric
above, upon the stomach
erythrocyte
red blood cell
excision
process of cutting out
exocrine glands
secretes chemicals through tubes to the outside of the body
gastrectomy
removal of the stomach
gastric
pertaining to the stomach
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
gastroenterology
process of study of the stomach and intestines
gastrotomy
incision of the stomach
gynecologist
specialist in the study of females and female diseases
gynecology
study of females and female diseases
hematology
study of the blood
hematoma
mass, collection of blood
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
hepatoma
malignant tumor of the liver
hyperglycemia
more than normal blood sugar
hypodermic
pertaining to under the skin
hypogastric
below, under the stomach
hypoglycemia
less than normal blood sugar
iatrogenic
pertaining to being produced by treatment
ileum
portion of the small intestine, opens into the large intestine
ilium
part of the pelvic bone
incision
to cut into
leukemia
malignant blood condition of white blood cells
leukocyte
white blood cell
leukocytosis
abnormal condition (slight increase) of normal white blood cells
malignant
cancerous
mania
excessive excitability
nephrectomy
removal of a kidney
nephritis
inflammation of a kidney
nephrology
study of the kidney
nephrosis
abnormal condition of the kidney
nephrotomy
incision of a kidney
neural
pertaining to a nerve
neuralgia
pain of the nerves
neurectomy
removal of a nerve
neurological
pertaining to the study of nerves
neurology
study of the nerves
neuropathy
disease of the nerve
oncologist
specialist in the study of tumors
oncology
study of tumors
ophthalmologist
specialist who studies the eye
ophthalmoscope
instrument for visually examining the eye
ophthalmoscopy
process of visually examining the eye
osteitis
inflammation of the bone
ovarian cyst
sacs of fluid that form on and in the ovaries
ovaries
female organs that produce eggs and hormones
osteoarthritis
inflammation/degeneration of bones and joints
osteotomy
incision of a bone
otalgia
ear pain, earache
pathogenic
pertaining to producing disease
pathologist
specialist who studies disease
pathology
study of disease
pediatric
pertaining to a child
pericardium
membrane surrounding the heart
prognosis
before knowledge, prediction about the outcome of an illness
psychiatrist
specialist who treats diseases of the mind
psychiatry
treatment of the mind
psychology
study of the mind
radiology
study of x-rays
renal
pertaining to the kidney
resection
to cut back, to cut out
retinopathy
disease condition of the retina
retrocardiac
pertaining to behind the heart
rhinitis
inflammation of the nose
sarcoma
malignant tumor of fleshy connective tissue
subhepatic
below, under the liver
thrombocyte
clotting cell, platelet
transhepatic
pertaining to across, through the liver
urology
study of the urinary tract
virus
small infectious agent that can reproduce itself only when it is inside another living cell (host)