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20 Cards in this Set

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The recognized violation of cultural norms
Deviance
Folkways
the violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law
Crime
Moraes
attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior
Social Control
Informal - violates folkways
Formal - violates Moraes
a formal response by police, courts, and prison officals to alleged violations of the law
Criminal Justice System
the idea that deviance and conformity result not so much from what people do as from how others respond to those actions
Labeling Theory
a powerfully negative label that greatly changes a person's self-concept and social identity
Stigma
the transformation of moral and legal deviance into a medical condition
Medicalization of deviance
crime committed by people of high social position in the course of their occupations
White-collar Crime
the illegal actions of a corporation or people acting on its behalf
Corporate Crime
a business supplying illegal goods or services
Organized Crime
a criminal act agianst a person or a peron's property by an offender motivated by racial or other bias
Hate Crime
crimes that direct violence or the threat of violence against others
Crimes Against Property (property crimes)
violations of law in which there are no obvious victims
Victimless Crimes
a legal negotiation in which a prosecutor reduces a charge in exchange for a defendant's guilty plea
Plea Bargaining
pleading guilty for a lesser crime to get out of more
an act of moral vengeance by which society makes the offender suffer as much as the suffering caused by the crime
Retribution
the attempt to discourage criminality through the use of punishment
Deterrence
a program for reforming the offender to prevent later offenses
Rehabilitation
rendering an offender incapable of further offenses temporarily through imprisonment or permently by execution
Societal Protection
later offenses committed by people previously convicted of crimes
Criminal Recidivism
correctional programs operating within society at large rather than behind prison walls
Community-based Corrections