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64 Cards in this Set

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Respiration
(def and equ)
*process of extracting the sttored energy from glucose to form ATP(from ADP and Pi)

C6H12O6 + 6O2 --->6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
components of respiration
glycolysis
krebs cycle
oxidative phosphorylation
Glycolysis (def)
decomposition fo glucose to pyruvate (pyruvic acid)
Glycolysis
Step 1 of 4
2 ATP are added
Glycolysis
Step 2 of 4
2 NADH are produced
function of NADP
coenzyme the accepts 2 e- from a substrate molecule
Glycolysis
Step 3 of 4
4 ATP are produced
Glycolysis
Step 4 of 4
2 pyruvate are formed
Glycolysis
products adn reactants
1 glucose to 2 pyruvate, 2 NADPH, and net 2 ATP
how many Krebs cycle/glucose
2
Kreb's Cycle
Step 1 (precycle)
Pyruvate to acetyl CoA

purvate + coenzyme A --> acetyl CoA

1 NADH and 1 CO2 produced
FADH2
cycle and function
Krebs cycle

coenzyme tha accepts electron during a rxm
Kreb's Cycle
Step 2 (of 2)
acetyl CoA + OAA --> citric acid
3 NADH and 1 FADH2 are made
CO2 released
oxidative phosphorlyation
def
process of extracting ATp from NADH and FADH2
oxidative phosphorlyation
NADH and FADH2 passed along electron transport chain end with ) which combines to make H20
oxidative phosphorlyation
NADH-->
FADH2-->
energize what
NADH--> 3 ADp to 2 ATP
FADH2--> produces 2 ATP
proteins in electron trans chain
cytochromes and modified proteins
oxidative phosphorlyation link to genetics
cytochrome c compared amoung species to asses genetic relatedness
last electron acceptor in electron trans chain
1/2 O2
Respiration ATP/energy count
Glycolysis
2 pyruvate
2 acetyl CoA
NADH
FADH2

total: glucose
Glycolysis: 2 ATP, 2 NADH
3 pyruvate: 2 acetylCoA, 2 NADH
2 acetyl CoA: 6 NADH, 2 FADH, 2 ATP
NADH: 3 ATP
FADH2: 2 ATP

total: glucose: net 36
Kreb's Cycle
def & location
the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA
mitochondira matrix
location of electron transport chain
cristae
glycolysis location
cytoplasm
energy given off in e- trans chain goes to
phosphorylate ADP to ATP
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 1
H+ accumulate in teh outer compartment

H+ pumped from the matrix into the outer compartment
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 2
a pH and electrical gradient across the crista membrane is created
creates a potential energy reserve
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 3
ATP synthases generate ATP

protons in teh outer compartment flow back into the matric
the energy for these channesl proteins generate ATP
anaerobic resipration causes and accumulation of
NADH
objective of anerobic respiration
replenish NAD+ so that glycolysis can proceed once again
Kreb's Cycle
def & location
the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA
mitochondira matrix
alcoholic fermeenatin occurs in
plants, fungi, and bacteria
location of electron transport chain
cristae
glycolysis location
cytoplasm
energy given off in e- trans chain goes to
phosphorylate ADP to ATP
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 1
H+ accumulate in teh outer compartment

H+ pumped from the matrix into the outer compartment
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 2
a pH and electrical gradient across the crista membrane is created
creates a potential energy reserve
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 3
ATP synthases generate ATP

protons in teh outer compartment flow back into the matric
the energy for these channesl proteins generate ATP
anaerobic resipration causes and accumulation of
NADH
objective of anerobic respiration
replenish NAD+ so that glycolysis can proceed once again
alcoholic fermeenatin occurs in
plants, fungi, and bacteria
Kreb's Cycle
def & location
the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA
mitochondira matrix
Kreb's Cycle
def & location
the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA
mitochondira matrix
location of electron transport chain
cristae
glycolysis location
cytoplasm
location of electron transport chain
cristae
energy given off in e- trans chain goes to
phosphorylate ADP to ATP
glycolysis location
cytoplasm
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 1
H+ accumulate in teh outer compartment

H+ pumped from the matrix into the outer compartment
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 2
a pH and electrical gradient across the crista membrane is created
creates a potential energy reserve
energy given off in e- trans chain goes to
phosphorylate ADP to ATP
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 3
ATP synthases generate ATP

protons in teh outer compartment flow back into the matric
the energy for these channesl proteins generate ATP
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 1
H+ accumulate in teh outer compartment

H+ pumped from the matrix into the outer compartment
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 2
a pH and electrical gradient across the crista membrane is created
creates a potential energy reserve
anaerobic resipration causes and accumulation of
NADH
Chemiosmosis in Respiration
Step 3
ATP synthases generate ATP

protons in teh outer compartment flow back into the matric
the energy for these channesl proteins generate ATP
objective of anerobic respiration
replenish NAD+ so that glycolysis can proceed once again
anaerobic resipration causes and accumulation of
NADH
objective of anerobic respiration
replenish NAD+ so that glycolysis can proceed once again
alcoholic fermeenatin occurs in
plants, fungi, and bacteria
alcoholic fermeenatin occurs in
plants, fungi, and bacteria
Alcoholic Fermenatation
step 1 of 2
Pyruvate to acetaldehyde

pyruvate --> 1 CO2 and 1 acetaldehyde
Alcoholic Fermenatation
step 2 of 2
acetaldehyde to ethanol

NADH used to drive rxm
acetaldehyde --> 1 ethanole + 1 NAD+
lactate fermantation
pyruvate to...
lactic acid
oxygen debt
cause by lactate fermentation

O2 is needed to break down lactate