Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/73

Click to flip

73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery or radio-frequency -is termed what?
ablation
a carrying or taking away, removal of a body part.
a uniting or holding together of two surface or parts.
adhesion
the property of sticking together.
a bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound.
dehiscence

dehisco=to split apart or open
a bursting open, splitting or gaping along natural or sutured lines.
the branch of medicine involved with the use of radioactive substances for diagnosis, therapy and research.
nuclear medicine
a tumor with a pedicle, commonly found in vascular organs such as the nose, uterus and rectum.
polyp
a small vascular growth on the surface of a mucous membrane
radioactive chemicals used in testing the location, size, outline, or function of tissues, organs, vessels or body fluids.
radiopharmaceutical
pathological state, resulting from the presence of microorganism or their products in the blood.
sepsis
the presence of various pathogenic organisms or their toxins, in the blood or tissues.
pus forming, associated with the production of pus.
suppurative
to form pus. cause to ripen and discharge pus.
the joining together of two ducts or vessels to allow the flow from one to the other. bypass
anastomosis
to provide with an outlet.
ana + stoma (mouth,opening)
the obtaining of a representative tissue sample for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis.
biopsy
to destroy tissue by electricity, heat or corrosive chemicals.
cauterize
this process may be used to kill certain types of small tumors or to seal off blood vessels to stop bleeding.
scraping of a body cavity with a spoon-shaped instrument.
curettage
to remove tissue or growths from a body cavity (as the uterus).
microscopic examination of slides prepared with fresh tissue, used for rapid diagnosis of malignancy.
frozen section
usually done while patient awaits surgery, to determine conservative or radical approach.
an incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity.
incision and drainage. I & D
I & D.
surgical procedure that employs intense heat and power at close range.
laser surgery.
the process of binding or tying using a band, bandage, thread or wire.
ligation.
lig/o = to bind.
partial excision of a bone, organ or other structure.
resection.
to remove a part.
the removal of tissue in an extensive area surrounding the surgical site.
radical surgery.
in an attempt to excise all tissue that may possibly be malignant to decrease the chance of recurrence.
prefix (infra-) means?
= below, under
same as hypo- and sub-
prefix (intra-) means?
= in, within (intramuscular)
same as endo-
combining form (nucle/o) =
nucleus
nucleotoxin
a division of the body, by an anatomical plane, in which the body is divided into upper and lower parts would be called?
transverse plane
trans- (across, through)
what position would have the patient lying horizontally facing downward?
prone
supine means lying on the back with the face upward?
true or false.
true.

supine=lying on the back with the face upwards.
prefix (allo-) means?
other, differing from the usual.
alloplasty.
prefix (ultra-) means?
excess, beyond.
ultrasound.
suffix ( -gnosis) means?
knowing.
prognosis.
combining form (fasci/o) =
band
fasciitis
combining form (somat/o) =
body
somatopathic.
combining form (viscer/o) =
internal organs, viscera.
visceromegaly.
combining form (xen/o) =
foreign, strange.
xenograft.
combining form (xer/o) =
dry.
xerosis.
combining form (poli/o) =
gray.
poliomyelitis.
spinal cord inflammation.
combining form (anthrac/o) =
black, coal.
same as melan/o
combining form (cirrh/o) =
yellow
same as (jaund/o) and (xanth/o)
combining form (cyan/o) =
blue
cyanoderma, cyanosis
combining form (acr/o) =
extremity
acromegaly
combining form (inguin/o) =
groin
inguinal
combining form (lumb/o) =
loin
lumbodynia
combining form (omphal/o) =
navel (umbilicus)
omphalocele
combining forms
(albin/o) (leuc/o) (leuk/o) =
white
albinism, leucocyte, leukoderma
combining form (jaund/o) =
yellow
same as (cirrh/o) & (xanth/o)
combining form (xanth/o) =
yellow
same as (cirrh/o) & (jaund/o)
combining form (dist/o) =
far, farthest
distal
combining form (infer/o) =
lower, below
inferior
combining form (later/o) =
side, to one side
lateral
combining form (medi/o) =
middle
mediolateral
the process of taking x-rays from two slightly different angels so that when they are viewed through a stereoscope the structure has the appearance of solidity and relief as though seen in three dimensions.
stereoradiography
image can be viewed stereoscopically to give a three-dimensional appearance.
a technique that uses high frequency sound waves to produce an image.
sonography
valuable diagnostic tool for prenatal evaluation of the fetus.
a cross sectional transverse plane that identifies metabolic and physiological function in tissue.
positron emission tomography(PET)scan
PET SCAN- capable of detecting areas of molecular biology.
a noninvasive imaging technique that uses a magnetic field rather than an
x-ray beam to produce an image, especially of the brain, spine, joints and internal organs, which are usually poorly seen on conventional radiographs CT scans.
magnetic resonance imaging. MRI
is a method of creating images of the inside of opaque organs, in living organisms. primarily used to visualize pathological or other physiological alterations of living tissue.
an imaging technique that uses a magnetic filed to visualize vascular structures.
magnetic resonance angiography
imaging of blood vessels using special magnetic resonance sequences that enhance the signal of flowing blood and suppress that from other tissue.
a technique that uses an x-ray to project an image onto a television monitor, this provides live images and allows the observer to study the function of the organ as well as its structures.
fluoroscopy
fluor-o= to flow
an x-ray machine that combines an x-ray source and a fluorescent screen to enable direct observation.
radiographic imaging procedure using a computer screen instead of conventional x-ray film.
digital radiography (computerized radiography)
direct conversion of transmitted x-rays into a digital image using a computer.
the study of the cause of disease is?
"etiology" is the study of all factors involved in the development of a disease.
eti/o=causation
-ology=study of
the etiology of a disease is a study of its?
cause
_________ is the study of all factors involved in the development of a disease.
etiology
the combining form for unknown or distinctive is?
idi/o
peculiar
any disease of unknown origin is described as?
idiopathic

idi/o = unknown
-path = disease
-ic = pertaining to
the origination and development of a disease is called?
pathogenesis
the study of the progression of a disease.
from the clinical point of view, disease is a ________ or _________
condition of the body.
pathological or morbid condition.
a morbid condition is one that is?
pathological
affected with or induced by disease.
the tissue type that forms the epidermis of the skin, covers surface of organs, lines cavities and canals, forms tubes and ducts is?
epithelial
the prefix ( ultra- ) =
excess, beyond
malaise is an example of a sign or symptom. pick one.
symptom-subjective indicators are only experienced by the person.
can not see malaise which is a feeling of discomfort or uneasiness.
a prediction of the course of a disease is?
prognosis=the probable outcome.
an understanding of _____ is important because the disease process originates at the ______ level.
cytology
cellular level
true or false.
radiopaque materials are substances that repel x-rays.
false
radiopaque material are substances that absorb x-rays.
true or false.

an MRI uses a magnetic field rather than an x-ray to produce an image?
true.
true or false.

CT scans usually produce sharper images of soft tissue than those obtained using MRI?
false.
MRI often produces sharper images of soft tissue than those obtained using CT scans. MRI more sensitive than CT.
the diagnostic imaging procedure that produces an image that appears as a slice taken from the patient is called?
tomography

tom/o = slice
-graphy = process of recording
computed tomography (CT) scan.
x-rays are also known as:
radiography, roentgenography.

radi/o = radiation
the oldest and most widely used form of diagnostic imaging is called?
x-rays.