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55 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
uremia
uremia will occur when the kidneys fail to function. The waste material or urea gathers accumulates in the blood
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix which hangs from the colon in the lower right part of the abdomen.
bursitis
an inflammation of a small sac of fluid (bursa) near a joint such as the knee or shoulder.
cellulitis
an inflammation of soft tissue under the skin
dermatitis
an inflammation of the skin
endocarditis
an inflammation of the inner lining of the heart referred to as endocardium
epiglottitis
inflammation of the epiglottis which is the cartilage at the upper part of the windpipe
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
myositis
an inflammation of muscle
nephritis
inflammation of the kidney
osteomyelitis
inflammation of bone and bone marrow
pharyngitis
inflammation of the throat
thrombophlebitis
inflammation of a vein with development of clots
adenoma
a non-cancerous tumor of the glands
adenocarcinoma
malignant or cancerous tumor of the glands
myoma
benign or non-cancerous tumor of the muscle
myosarcoma
cancerous tumor of the muscle
myeloma
malignant tumor of cells in the bone marrow
hematoma
a mass of usually clotted blood that forms in a tissue, organ or body space as a result of a broken blood vessel
encephalopathy
disease of the brain
mesothelioma
malignant tumor of pleural cells which is the membrane surrounding the lungs
lymphoma
malignant tumor of lymph nodes
hepatoma
malignant tumor of the liver
thymoma
malignant tumor of the thymus gland (located in the mediastinum)
melaanoma
malignant tumor of pigmented cells in the skin
myeloma
malignant tumor of bone marrow cells
arteriosclerosis
a fatty plaque called atheroma collects on the lining of arteries
hematuria
bleeding into the urinary tract can cause this condition
myocardial
when someone experiences a heart attack, this may be called a myocardial infarction(MI). This in fact is an area of dead tissue caused when blood supply is held back from a part of the body by ischemia
ischemia
a temporary deficiency of blood flow to an organ or tissue
chronic
a condition that continues for a prolonged period of time
chronic
a condition that continues for a prolonged period of time
acute
a condition which may be brief, short, or sudden
tonsillectomy
removal of the tonsils and adenoids. these are lymph tissue in the throat. The lymph is composed of white blood cells that fight infection in this area.
hysterectomy (total)
entire uterus, including the cervix is removed.
hysterectomy (partial)
only a portion of the uterus is removed
total hysterectomy (TAH)
the entire uterus, including the cervix is removed through the abdomen
total abdominal hysterectomy with biateral salpingectomy and oophorectomy (TAH-BSO)
entire uterus, including the cervix, both fallopian tubes and both ovaries through the abdomen.
bilateral
pertaining to, affecting or relating to two sides
cholecystectomy
surgeon opens the abdomen and removes the gallbladder through an 6-inch incision
myelogram
a fluid is injected into the membranes around the spinal cord and then x-rays are taken of the spinal cord
appendectomy
excision of the appendix
adenectomy
excision of a gland
adenoidectomy
excision or the adenoids
colectomy
excision of the colon
gastrectomy
excision of the stomach
laminectomy
excision of a piece of backbone (lamina) to relieve pressure on nerves from a (herniating) disk
myomectomy
excision of a muscle tumor (commonly a fibroid of the uterus)
pneumonectomy
excision of lung tissue, total pneumonectomy (an entire lung), or lobectomy (a single lobe)
splenectomy
excision of the spleen
hemodialysis
removal of blood and its passage through a kidney machine to filter out waste such as urea
peritoneal dialysis
a special fluid is situated through a tube in the abdomen into the peritoneum. The waste seeps into the fluid from the blood and wastes are drained from the peritoneum
colostomy
surgical formation of an artificial anus by connecting the colon to an opening in the abdominal wall
cuspid
pointed end