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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Identify the organs that make up the urinary system and interpret the function of each.
kidneys: filter blood to remove waste; ureters: carry urine from kidneys to bladder; urinary bladder: stores urine; When the bladder contracts, urine flows out of the body through the urethra.
What is the function of a nephron in the kidney? Describe what happens in the glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, and U-shaped tubule.
to filter wastes from the blood plasma; In glomerulus, water, glucose, vitamins, amino acids, protein waste products, salts and ions pass into Bowman’s capsule; in U-shaped tubule, most of the ions and water and all of the glucose and amino acids are reabsorbed into the bloodstream.
Identify the major components of urine, and explain why it is considered a waste fluid.
urea, water, nitrogenous wastes, excess salt; contains toxic products from the metabolic breakdown of proteins
What is the kidney's role in maintaining homeostasis in the body?
removes urinary waste; maintains blood pH, sodium levels, and osmotic balance
During a routine physical, a urine test indicates the presence of proteins in the patient's urine. Explain what this could indicate about the patient's health.
High blood pressure could force proteins into Bowman’s capsule or the patient could have a kidney infection.
Trace the sequence of urinary waste from a cell to the outside of the body.
cell to blood to kidney to nephron to ureter to urinary bladder to urethra
remove wastes, control sodium, and regulates blood pH
urine tube from the kidney to the bladder
urine bag
urinary bladder
kidney filter
waste liquid
urine tube from bladder to outside