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15 Cards in this Set

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Stephen Fyler 13.1

hybrid
Stephen Fyler 13.1

an organism whose parents have different forms of a trait
Stephen Fyler 13.1

inbreeding
Stephen Fyler 13.1

mating between closely related individuals
Stephen Fyler 13.1

test cross
Stephen Fyler 13.1

a cross of an individual of unknown genotype with an individual of known genotype
Stephen Fyler 13.2

mitrogenous base
Stephen Fyler 13.2

a carbon ring structure found in DNA and
RNA that is part of the genetic code
Stephen Fyler 13.2

genetic engineering
Stephen Fyler 13.2

a faster and more reliable method for increasing the frequency of a specific allele in a population
Stephen Fyler 13.2

recombinant DNA
Stephen Fyler 13.2

made by connecting, or recombining, fragments of DNA from different sources
Stephen Fyler 13.2

transgenic organism
Stephen Fyler 13.2

organism that contains functional recombinant DNA from a different organism
Stephen Fyler 13.2

restriction enzyme
Stephen Fyler 13.2

bacterial proteins that have the ability to cut both strands of the DNA molecule at a specific nucleotide sequence
Stephen Fyler 13.2

vector
Stephen Fyler 13.2

a means by which DNA from another species can be carried into the host cell
Stephen Fyler 13.2

plasmid
Stephen Fyler 13.2

a small ring of DNA found in a bacterial cell
Stephen Fyler 13.2

clone
Stephen Fyler 13.2

genetically identical copies
Stephen Fyler 13.3

mutation
Stephen Fyler 13.3

a change in the DNA sequence of an individual
Stephen Fyler 13.3

human genome
Stephen Fyler 13.3

map of the approximately 80,000 genes on 46 human chromosomes that when mapped and sequenced, may provide information on the treatment or cure of genetic disorders
Stephen Fyler 13.3

linkage map
Stephen Fyler 13.3

the genetic map that shows the relative locations of genes on a chromosome
Stephen Fyler 13.3

gene therapy
Stephen Fyler 13.3

the insertion of normal genes into human cells to correct genetic disorders