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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of wich has the same number of chromosomes
a haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid reproductive cell to form a zygote
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of dna and protein
the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes during meiosis
crossing over
a phase of mitosis or meiosis, during which a nuclear membrane forms around each set of new chromosomes
the precursor of a new plant cell wall that forms during cell division and divides a cell into two
cell plate
reproduction in which gametes from two parents unite
sexual reproduction
the region of the chromosome that hols the two sister chromatids together during mitosis
chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have the same structure, and that pair during meiosis
one of the microtubules that extend across a dividing eukaryotic cell, assists in the movement of chromosomes
spindle fibers
a period between two meiotic divisions during wich the cell grows, copies its dna, and synthesizes
a process of cell division which results in the production of sex cells
one of the stands of a chromosome that become visible during meiosis or mitosis
reproduction that doesnt envolve the union of gametes and in which a single parent produces ofspring
a sexual reproduction
a form of asexual reproduction in single celled organisms by which one cell divides into two cells of the same size
a complex of proteins and dna strands that are loosley coiled such that translation and transcription can occur
the first stage of mitosis and meiosis in cell division
the division of the cytoplasma of a cell
one of the stages of mitosis and meioses, during wich all of the chromosomes move to the cells equator