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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
food staple
main energy supplying foods in the diet
主食
monoculture
an area containing only one type of genetically very similar plants
单一栽培
hemp
大麻
jute
黄麻
manila
马尼拉
flax
亚麻
sisal
剑麻
sclerenchyma cells
厚壁细胞
xylem tissue
木质部组织
pectate
果胶
tensile strength
strength to resist pulling forces
抗张强度
alkalis
caustic soda
烧碱
pulp
纸浆
composite material
material made up of a combination of two or more substances which all contribute to the properties of the final composite
复合材料
carbon-neutral
no net release of carbon compounds into the atomsphere
碳中性
bioplastic
plastic (polymer) made from monomers which come from a sustainable biological source
生物塑料
cellophane
玻璃纸
guise
花样翻新
thermoplastic
热塑性
maize
玉米
gelatine
明胶
capsule
胶囊剂
polylactic acid (PLA)
聚乳酸
polyethene
聚乙烯
aspirin
painkiller and anticoagulant
阿司匹林
quinine
奎宁
cinchona tree
金鸡纳树
digoxin
地高辛
foxgloves
毛地黄
digitalin
a compound found in foxgloves which at low doses makes the heart beat more powerfully. it is toxic at higher doses
洋地黄素
oedema
accumulation of fluid in a tissue
水肿
phase 1 trial
trial in which a new drug is given to a small number of healthy volunteers
第一阶段实验
phase 2 trial
trial in which a new drug is given to a small group of volunteer patients affected by the conditions the drug is designed to treat
第二阶段实验
phase 3 trial
trial in which a new drug is used with a large group (5000+) of patients affected by the condition the drug is designed to treat
第三阶段实验
altruistic
an action that benifits others without any direct benifit to the individual
利他主义
double-blind trial
drug trial where neither the doctor nor the patient knows whether they are getting the active new treatment or not
双盲实验
placebo effect
the effect by which patients often improve even when they are receiving no active drug. they just think they are and it makes them feel better.
安慰剂效应