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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
True or False.
Oxygen is generated during aerobic respiration.
False
The process of 'oxidation' involves...
The release of energy
Chlorophyll is green because...
It absorbs blue and red light
The discovery that DNA was organized as a double helix was particuarily important because it explained the process of...
Gene replication
In a plant, meiosis occurs...
In a sporophyte, producing spores
Name that person.
X-Ray crystallography of DNA
Rosalind Franklin
Name that person.
DNA Double Helix
Watson and Crick
Name that person.
Genes are made of DNA
Avery, McLeod, and McCarty
Name that person.
A/T=G/C=1
Chargaff
New cells for the primary growth of a root come from...
Apical meristem
The large majority of the mass of a tree trunk is...
Secondary xylem
Name the chemicals.
Starch
Polymer of glucose
Name the chemicals.
Lipids
Fatty acids
Name the chemicals.
DNA
A, G, C, T
Protein
Amino-acids
Name the chemicals.
Sugar
Sucrose
Name the function.
Nucleic acids
Genes/protein synthesis
Name the function.
Lipids
Structure and energy storage
Name the function.
Disaccharides/Monosaccharides
Moving energy through the plant/animal
Polysaccharides
Structure and energy storage
Protein
Enzymes
Name the components (mitochondrion, chloroplast, ribosome, and nucleus).
Most of genes
Nucleus
Name the components (mitochondrion, chloroplast, ribosome, and nucleus)
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Name the components (mitochondrion, chloroplast, ribosome, and nucleus)
Respiration
Mitochondrion
Name the components (mitochondrion, chloroplast, ribosome, and nucleus)
Protein synthesis
Ribosome
Name what took place.
Lysosome
Garbage recycling
Name what took place.
Light reactions of photosynthesis
Photolysis of water
Name what took place.
Mitochondrial matrix
Kreb's Cycle
Name what took place.
In the cytosol/cytoplasm, outside the mitochondrion
Glycolysis
Name what took place.
In the stroma of the chloroplast.
Calvin/Benson Cycle
Name the item that carries out the function.
Carries oxygen to the blood.
Hemoglobin
Name the iten that carries out the function.
Molecular shape determining molecular function.
Protein tertiary structure
Name the item that carries out the function.
Carries membrane and polysaccharide to the cell wall.
Golgi vesicle
Name the item that carries out the function.
Amino acid sequence.
Protein primary structure
Name that cell.
Contain mitochondria but no chloroplasts.
Animal cells
Name that cell.
Contain no membrance-enclosed structures.
Prokaryotic cells
Name that cell.
Contain mitochondria and chloroplasts
Plant cells
Name that cell.
Contain chloroplasts but no mitochondria.
No such cells
Light reactions of photosynthesis...
Produce oxygen
Dark reactions of photosynthesis...
Consumes carbon dioxide
E.T.S in respiration...
Consumes oxygen
Glycolysis...
Occurs with or without oxygen
Which is larger? Glucose or sucrose?
Sucrose
Which is larger? Nucleolus or nucleus?
Nucleus
Which is larger? Ribosome or nucleolus?
Nucleolus
Which is larger? Protein or amino-aciid?
Protein
E.T.S in mitochondria
Produces 'bucked loads' of ATP
Glycolysis...
Breakdown of sugar
Reduction...
Adds energy to several different oxidized nucleotides
Photolysis of water...
Produces oxygen