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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Contagious disease
A disease spread from one person to another.
HIV
The virus that causes AIDS
AIDS
A fatal disease that attacks the body's defenses against illnesses
STD
A disease that is transmitted from one person to another during sexual activity.
Mental disorder
1. A condidtion that makes it difficult or impossible for a person to cope with everyday life.
2. A label for those who violate certain kinds of social rules.
Labeling theory
A theory that sees crime, mental illness, and other types of deviance as labels applied to those who break social norms, and which holds that branding someone as deviant encourages rather than discourages further deviant behavior.
Mood disorder
A mental disorder involving severe disturbances in mood and emotion.
Bipolar disorder
A mood disorder characterized by extreme emotional swings from depression to hyperactivity and back again.
Substance abuse disorder
A catagory of mental disorder applied to people who use excessive amounts of alcohol or other drugs.
Anxiety disorder
A mental disorder involving severe and prolonged anxiety, irrational fears, panic attacks, obsessive thoughts and rituals, or the debitlitating consequences of some traumatic event.
Schizophrenia
A mental disorder involving extreme disorganization in personality, thought, patterns, and speech.
Alzheimers disease
A disease that causes mental deterioration in older people.
Psychoanalytic theory
A theory of personality created by Sigmund Freud, which emphasizes the role of unconcious desires in human behavior.
Double bind
A situation conducive to the development of mental disorder, in which a parent gives a child two conflicting messages at one time.
Stress theory
A theory which holds than an individual will experience serious psychological problems if exposed to excessive levels of stess.
Managed care
A system of health care in which the treatments and services available to patients are tightly controlled to hold down costs.
Medicaid
A medical welfare program for the poor, blind, and disabled.
Medicare
A medical welfare program for the elderly.
Deinstitutionalism
Removing patients from mental hospitals and placing them in the community.
Fee-for-service
A form of compensation in which a health care professional recieves a fixed fee for each service rendered.
Malpractice
Incompetent or neligent practice by a physician of other professional.
National health care
A system of health care that is directed by the government.
Surrogate mothering
One woman bearing a child for another.
Preventative medicine
An approach to health care that attempts to prevent health problems.
Hollistic medicine
A medical approach that focuses on the overall health of the patient and not on individual symptoms.
Physicians assistants
Medical personnel trained to carry out particular medical services traditionally performed by physicians.
Nurse practitioner
A nurse trained to take full charge of patients' basic health care needs.