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27 Cards in this Set

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non-contagious form of syphilis
tertiary syphilis--late manifestation (40 yrs. after latency), Treponema pallidum found only in CSF
organism causing Weils Syndrome
Leptospira interrogans
organism causing Lyme disease
Borrelia burgdorferi
Organism causing relapsing fever
Borrelia recurrentis
marked by a cell wall with a high lipid content, decoloration resistance, and respiratory droplet transmission
Mycobacteria
primary tubercle plus associated swollen lymph node produced by Mycobacteria tuberculosis
Ghon complex
primary tubercle plus associated swollen lymph node produced by Mycobacteria tuberculosis
Ghon complex
most resistant neurotoxin type in clostridium botulinum
type E
toxin types in clostridium botulinum that cause botulism in humans
types A, B, and E
toxin types in clostridium botulinum that cause botulism in humans
types A, B, and E
cdc classification of botulism:
1: food-borne
2: infantile
3: injury-borne
4: indeterminate
clinical forms of tetanus (clostridium tetani)
1: generalized
2: neonatal
3: localized
sterile body sites:
blood, csf, synovial fluid, deep tissue of body
skin gland normal flora:
diptheroids (propionibacterium acnes)
skin orifices normal flora:
Staph. aureus, Staph. epidermis
eye normal flora:
Staph. epidermis, Staph. aureus, Propoinibacterium acnes, some Streptococci
nares normal flora:
S. aureus, S. epidermidis, diptheroids
Nasopharynx normal flora:
non-hemolytic & alpha hemolytic streptococci, Neisseria, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. pyogenes, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis
external ear normal flora:
coagulase-negative staph, corynebacterium, aspergillus, penicillium, candida, alternaria
mouth normal flora:
strep, neiserria, actinomyces, veillonella, yeast, porphyromonas, prevotella, fusobacterium, s. parasanguis, s. mutans, s. salivaris
jejunum normal flora:
enterococcus faecdalis, lactobacillus, diptheroids, yeast (candida albicans)
colon normal flora:
anaerobic, gram-negative, non-sporing gram-positive, spore-forming and non-spore-forming rods (300 different species depending on diet)
distal genitourinary tract normal flora:
s. epidermidis, enterococcus faecalis, corynebacterium (lactobacilli acidophilus in females)
clinical signs of inflammation:
heat (calor), redness (rubor), swelling (sudor), pain (dolor)
deficiency of C3 increases susceptibility to what bacterial species?
S. pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza
what is the rate of death of bacteria by sterilization with phenol?
exponential
What kind of toxin causes illness from ingestion of contaminated eggs?
enterotoxin