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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Cartography?
The science of map making
What does the term "geography" literally mean?
"earth- writing"
What famous book did geographer George Perkins Marsh wirte, and when did he write it?
"Man and Nature" in 1864
What major problem has the Fertile Cresent experienced?
desertification
Who argued that cultural landscapes should be the focus of geographic inquiry?
Carl Sauer
What are cultural landscapes?
products of complex interactions between humans and their environments
What are natural landscapes?
landscapes that are unaltered by human activities
What are two terms that describe the formal study of human environment relations?
Environmental Geography and Cultural Ecology
What was the Quantitative Revolution?
It stressed the use of empirical measurements, hypothesis testing, development of mathematic models, and the use of computer programs to explain geographic patterns
What is Remote Sensing?
the process of capturing images of the earths surface from airborne platforms
What term refers to an integrated network of satellites that orbit the Earth, broadcasting location information to hand held receivers on the Earth’s surface?
The Global Positioning System, or GPS
What are Geographical Information Systems?
a family of software programs that allow geographers to map, analyze, and model spatial data
What are Thematic Layers?
each layer consists of an individual map that contains specific features- many layers may be combined to create a map with many helpful features
What is the study of human activities on the Earth’s surface?
Human Geography
What are the six sub-disciplines of Human Geography?
population, cultural, economic, urban, agricultural, and political
Physical Geography
study of spatial characteristics of the Earth’s physical and biological systems
Earth system Science
a way to study the interactions between physical systems on a global scale
Systematic Geography
of the Earth’s integrated systems as a whole
Environmental Geography
where physical and human geography meet
Anthropogenic
human induced environmental change
Sustainability
implies an approach to the environment that emphasizes the restraint in the use of natural resources to ensure enough resources for future generations
Who claimed that geography drew from four distinct traditions: earth-science, culture-environment, locational, and area-analysis?
W.D. Pattison
Thinking Geographically means....
developing a spatial perspective, an appreciation of scale, and the ability to analyze and interpret varied forms of geographic data
Spatial Perspective
an intellectual framework that allows geographers to look at the earth in terms of the relationships between various places
Geography is based on...
the premise that all places are different, but many places share important similarities
Map scale
the ratio between distance on a map and actual distance on the earth’s surface
Geographic scale
a conceptual hierarchy if spaces, from small to large, that reflects actual levels of organization n the real world
Region
shared characteristics between places provide a means for geographers to group places together into a more manageable unit of study
Regions are...
larger that a single city, that contains unifying social or physical characteristics
Regional Geography
Pattison’s area analysis tradition is the study of regions
Functional regions have...
special identities because of the social and economic relationships that tie them together
nodal regions
Functional regions
Formal regions have...
characteristics that are relatively uniform from one place to another within a designated region
Vernacular region (perceptual region) –
exist in the minds of people i.e. “Deep South”
Sense of place
people’s attachment to a region they perceive as their home
Qualitative data
unique and descriptive of particular places or processes
Quantitative Data
mathematical numerical data
Most physical geography is based on...
quantitative data
Idiographic
facts or features unique to a particular place or region
Nomothetic
concepts that are universally applicable