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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Bodin
(Jean)
"Only absolutism could provide order and force obedience to the government"
The religious wars in France in late 16th Century is a philosophical basis for absolutism
Boussuet
(Bishop Jacques)
Advocate of divine right
King place on throne by God, owed nothing to anyone else
Favorite of Louis XIV
Sully
(Duke of)
French finance Minister under Henry IV
Enhanced monarchy's power
Mercantilism
Monopolies in production of gundpowder, salt= modernization
Infrastructure
Reformed tax system, systematic bookkeeping, reduced debt
Richelieu
(Cardinal)
1585-1642
Absolutism, politique, centralization
Intendent System
Conducted government for Louis XIII
Intendent (system)
Weaken nobility of sword, more efficient government
Replaced officials with local intendents (civil servants) reported directly to king
Middle class
1 per each of France's 32 districts
Never placed in hometowns
Fronde
1640s
Cardinal Mazarin controlled France while Louis XIV little
Nobility of Sword revolts against Mazarin while Louis between 5-14
Louis never forgot humiliation
Mazarin
(Cardinal)
Ruled for Louis XIV
Did the Fronde
Succeeded Richelieu
Racine
Comedies
Resident playwright at Versailles, Louis XIV loved
Moliere
Tragedies
Resident playwright at Versailles, Louis XIV loved
Edict of Fontainebleau
Colbert, champion of mercantilism, died, Louis XIV revoked Edict of Nantes
20,000 Huguenots flee to New World
Louis XIV supports Jesuits persecution of Jansenists (Catholics w/ Calvinist ideas)
Colbert
Jean Baptiste
1601-1683
Mercantilism
Finance minister under Louis XIV
Construction of roads, canals
Government supported monopolies in certain industries
Reduces internal taxes
French Ease/West India Company
Mercantilist high: merchant marine
Treaty of Pyrenees
Ended War with Spain (1635-1659)
Part of 30 Years' War
Versailles
grandest palace in Europe
Baroque under Louis XIV
Hunting Lodge
Pleasure prison for French nobility
William of Orange
William (and Mary) claim to English throne, invited by Parliament, started Glorious revolution
Stadtholder
Anti-France
War of Spanish Succession
1701-1703
Charles II left Spanish Hapsburg throne to Louis SIV's grandson, heir
European powers form coalition: Grand Alliance, to thwart megapower
John Churchill defeats French forces w/ English army
Treaty of Utrecht
1713
Ended War of Spanish Succession
Balance of power, ended expansionism of Louis XIV
British Win
Spanish Netherlands to Austria
Louis XIV grandson gets Spanish throne, no unification
Oliver Cromwell
Leads revolt against king Charles I in English Revolution
Supported by roundheads, lead New Model Army
Reigned as military dictatorship during Interregnum
Ruled Commonwealth
Restoration
England, 1660
Parliament stronger in relation to king than earlier
Agreed to religious toleration
Power not absolute
Charles II: Merry Monarrch
Poster interregnum, post Cromwell
Bill of Rights
(ENGLISH) 1689
Glorious revolution: William and Mary sign
King could not be Roman
Catholic
Laws only by parliament (no edicts)
No standing armies in peacetime
Taxation only w/ Parliaments approval
Trial by jury, due process of law
Free elections to Parliament
The Sun King
Louis XIV
Like a sun, rules everything
"I am the state"
72 year reign
Mercantilism
More exports than imports
Bullion ideal
Want gold, favorable balance of trade
French finance ministers: Sully, Mazarin, COLBERT
Interregnum
Interruption of Stuart Dynasty
English Civil War: Oliver Cromwell rules
Absolutist Government
Divine right
Monarchy controls everything
NOT like totalitarian: doesn't control attitudes, culture, just controls entirely government
John Locke
Second Treatise of Civil Government
Notable defense for Glorious Revolution
People create government to protect "natural rights" of life liberty property
Stadtholder
United Provinces of Dutch Netherlands
Confederatin of 7 provinces, one rep to estates general
Each of 7 problems elect one statdholder to lead in crisis (always from house of Orange)
Don Quixote
Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616)
"quixotic" ideal but impractical
16th Century Spanish society
17th Century French Classicism
Nick Poussin
Racine: drama
Louis' Court
Renaissance ideals
Discipline, balance, restraint
imitate, use classical styles
Cervantes
Miguel de (1547-1616)
"quixotic" ideal but impractical
Don Quixote
16th Century Spanish society
paulette
Introduced by Henry IV
annual fee paid by royual officials to guarantee heredity in their offices
Compensation for lost memories
Long Parliament
1640-1648
Charles desperate
Signed Petition of Right
Puritans majority of Parliament, against kings Anglican minority
Additional demands of Parliament: abolish star chamber, no ship money, common law courts, etc.
Preceded English Civil War
Triennial Act
Compelled king to summon Parliament every 3 years
Passed by House of Commons in England in 1641 under Charles I
impeached Archbishop Laud
Part of Long Parliament