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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
State
Organizations that maintains a monarchy of violence; through public institutions.
Nation
Human community with geographic, linguistic, cultural, or historyic ties.
Regime
Norms and rules regarding individual freedoms and collective equality, loansof power and use of power.
Government
Leadership within the state.
Political Culture
History, values, beliefs, traditions.
Legitimacy
The authority is regarded as "proper."
Traditional Legitimacy
State is obeyed because of tradition.
Charismatic Legitimacy
Magnetic appeal
Rational-Legal Legitimacy
Laws and procedures that have been highly institutionalized.
Sovereignty
The ability for a state to carry out ations independently (Weak, strong, failed)
Head of Government
Deals with everyday tasks.
Head of State
Symbol, internationally and nationally recognized.
Correlation
An apparant association between certain factors and variables.
Causation
When a change in one variable auses a change in another; Not related.
Political Cleavage
Characteristics that overlap.
Democracy
System of government where people choose policymakers in free, regulation competitive elections.
Illiberal Democracy
Some personal rights/civil liberties are limited; lack of free speech.
Communism
Emphasizes economi equality rater than individual/economi freedoms.
Corporatism
When busiess, labor, and government work together in policymaking.
Cooptation
Favors in exchange for a benefit.
Political Ideology
Universal sets of political values regarding the fundamental goals of politics.
Liberalism (As an Ideology)
Places a high priority on plitical and economic freedom over any attempts at economic EQUALITY.
Libertarian
An ideology favoring little government interferene in the economy and personal freedoms.
Political Attitude
A set of political values regarding the fundamental goals of politics.
Liberalism (As an Attitude)
Promote evolutionary change within the system.
Reactionary
Rapid change to restore political, social and economic institutions.
Conservatism (As an Attitude)
Supporting the status quo.
Proportional Representation
More than one legislative seat is contested in each electoral district.
First Past the Post/Single Member District
One representative for each constituency; winner take all.
GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
Total market vaue of goods and services.
PPP (Purchasing Power Parity)
Estimate the real buying power.
Gini Index
Measures economic inequality (0-100)
Human Development Index (HDI)
Health, education - Measures the well-being and standard of living.
Devolution
Handing down of power to regions and localities.
Civil Society
Comprises the organizations outside the state that help define.
Clientelism
States provide benefits to groups of political supporters.
Judicial Review
Court reviews law and policies; can overturn if seen fit.
Legislature
Branch of government that makes laws.
Parliamentary System
Executive head of government elected from within the legislature; usually from the majority party.
Presidential System
Head of state and head of government, directly elected president, checks and balances.
Semi-Presidential System
Prime Minister and a President.
Civil Society
Comprises the organizations outside the state that help define
Clientelsm
States provide benefits to groups of politcal supporters.
Totalitarianism
Seeks to transofrm fundamental aspects of state, society and economy; usually with organization and force.
Radical
Rapid, extensive nd other revolutionary change.
Elite Recruitment
Individuals can be selected for office through election, appointment, birth and auction.
Politics
The struggle for power; who get's what when and how?
Power
The ability to get people to do what you want - even if it is against their own will.
Country
The state, government, and regime that are within a political system.
Constitution
Rules that specify the relationship between the people, the government and the state itself.
Authoritarian
Limited involvement in politics for public, based on coersion rather than political legitimacy.
Theocracy
Combined political and religious leader, gets most of legitimacy through religion.
Political Economy
How the economy shifts the balance of freedom/equality.
Developed Countries
High income per capita, industrialized, High HDI rating.
Developing Countries
Working toward "Developed," low standard of living (HDI)
Under-Developed Countries
Lacks industrialization, infrastructure, agriculture, natural resources.
Globalization
Deepening of global connections
Command Economy
When the government makes decisions concerning output/imput rather than the market.
Economic Liberalization
Policy to remove politics that control the economy.
Democratization
Spread of democracy and representation in other countries.
Civil Servants
Those who administer, but don't make policy.
Civil Service
Hiring based on skills rather than politics, replaced the spoils system.
Prebendalism
Form of praion-client politics that legitimizes the exploitation of government power to benefit office holders.
Technocrat
A bureaucrat who makes decisions off of technoical issues, rather than political ones.
Fusion of powers
A system of government in which authority of government is concentrated into one ruling body.