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47 Cards in this Set

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Around 700 B.C. people from ____ in _____ began leaving to start new colonies in parts of the Mediterranean region.
Sparta, Greece
Greek colonists were attracted to the land of ____ because the land was rich and fertile.
Italy
Italian city that dominated all the other cities of the region
Rome
shape of the Italian peninsula
kicking boot
island west of the "toe" of the Italian peninsula
Sicily
mountains that form the northern border of Italy
Alps
mountains that form the "backbone" of the Italian peninsula
Apennine
plain located on the west coast of central Italy
Latium
river that runs through the center of the Latium Plain
Tiber
city located beside the Tiber River on northern edge of Latium Plain
Rome
About 2700 years ago, a king was ____ by his younger brother.
overthrown
twin boys, rescued by wolves, helped grandfather regain the throne, said to be founders of Rome (on hilltop where they were rescued)
Romulus and Remus
Rome grew and expanded across ______ hills
seven
____ served as a highway for travel and trade goods between mountains and the Mediterranean coast
Tiber River
____ provided rich soil for farming on the Latium Plain
ash from volcanoes
6 food items grown by Latium farmers
beans, cabbage, lettuce, figs, fruits, grapes
grapes were used to make this
wine
Before Rome was founded, the ____ settled on plains northwest of the Tiber River called ____
Etruscans
Etrusca
Around ____, the Etruscan army conquered much of the Italian peninsula
575 B.C.
Around ____ , the Etruscan kings were overthrown by leading families of Rome
509 B.C.
two ways geography of Italy is similar to Greece
(1) mostly surrounded by water
(2) mountains bordered by fertile plains
geographic features that make Rome's location a favorable one
(1) on Tiber River
(2) on seven hills
About how many years did Rome remain a republic?
500
to prevent a law; to day no
veto
men in charge of government funds
quaestors
Roman officials who had charge of public buildings
aediles
Roman officials who kept records of people and taxes due
censors
Roman officials who were the chief judges
praetors
Roman officials who had the power to enforce laws
magistrates
the two most important magistrates who had to agree with each other on important issues
consuls
to become a member of the ____ a man must have been a magistrate for a year.
senate
Members of the senate advised the ____
consuls
elected by plebeians; could not make laws; could veto actions by magistrates or consuls
tribunes
leader who was not elected by the people, but who ruled by force
dictator; Julius Caesar
advantages of joining Roman army
1 pay 2 food 3 place to live
4 learn a trade
5 land or money at retirement
disadvantages of being a Roman soldier
1. not allowed to marry 2. began age 16 3. lasted 20-25 years 4.far from home long time 5.might be killed
born in 100 B.C. to a wealthy patrician family in Rome
Julius Caesar
former name of country today known as France
Gaul
Julius Caesar joined forces with ____ and helped her defeat her brother, the pharaoh of egypt
Cleopatra
month named for Julius Caesar on the Julian calendar
July
Ides of March
March 15, 44 B.C. when Julius Caesar was killed
Caesar's friend who participated in Julius Caesar's assassination
Brutus
"Et tu Brutus"
by 25 B.C. Caesar's grand-nephew and adopted son, _______, defeated Caesar's armies and took control of Roman Empire
Octavian
new name of Octavian which means "honored one"
Augustus
Roman peace; time under Augustus
Pax Romama
3 things Augustus ordered built during Pax Romama
1. theaters
2. aqueducts
3. temples
high arched structure built to carry water over long distances
aqueduct