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26 Cards in this Set

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Lycurgus
Spartan law maker--strict laws that lasted
Draco
Athenian- strict laws
Solon
Athenian- made good laws that paved the way for democracy
Pisistratus
Athenian- 5o men armed guard,absolute ruler(tyrant) but was good in the end, made park, had Homer's epics written down
Leaena
Athenian-house used as meeting place- bit off tongue rather than tell
Hippias
Athenian- son of Pisistratus, bad leader, forced from Athens, went to Persia-betrayed his country
Xerxes (Ahasuerus)
Persian king after Darius,
Battle of Salamis
Pausanius
Spartan King, won the battle of Platea, "beans--Yum!!!" but defected to Persia, walled up in temple
Aristides
Athenian-- "the just"one of the leaders at Marathon- wanted land army-
Themistocles had him exiled, came back and helped at battle of Salamis
Cimon
Athenian- wanted to go to Sparta to help after earthquake, Themostocles had him exiled, came back to help Athens, killed in battle,very noble
Anaxagoras
Athenian-philosopher- exiled because he didn't think the sun was a chariot
Pericles
Athenian-ruled during Golden Age of Greece- Parthenon built
Phidias
Athenian-sculptor--Athena, Zeus
Themosticles
Athenian- general- sea power-
Salamis
Socrates
Athenian-philosopher-stressed morality- didn't believe gods could be immoral, forced to drink Hemlock
Alcibiades
Athenian- friend of Socrates(bad deal for Socrates),
party guy, assasinated,
Aristophanes
Athenian, playright, "The Clouds" influenced people against Socrates
Alexander
Macedonian, took over the "known world"
Sargon II
Assyrian- destroyed Samaria, took captive 10 Northern tribes
Sennacherib
Assyrian-unsuccesfully tried to take Jerusalem
Nebuchadnezzar
Babylonian-empire reached its height- destroyed Jerusalem and brought captives to Babylon
Belshazzar
Babylonian- feast with dishes from temple- lost empire to Medes in the Persian
Cyrus
Persian-extended Persian empire- allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem
Ninevah
Capital of Assyrian empire
Croesus
King of Lydia, lots of gold, conquered by Cyrus
Leonidas
Spartan King who bravely fought the Persians at Thermopylae. Outnumbered 2 million:1,000 Betrayed by a Greek traitor, He and his soldiers were killed