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48 Cards in this Set

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Movement of a body part away from the midline.
Abduction
Movement of a body part toward the midline.
Adduction
The study of the structure and parts of an organism.
Anatomy
Toward the front of the body.
Anterior
Toward the feet.
Caudad
Related to or toward the skull.
Cranial
Located away from the trunk of the body and toward the free end of an extremity.
Distal
Located posteriorly on the body relative to the coronal plane.
Dorsal
Return of a joint from a flexed position to an anatomic position.
Extension
Rotating an extremity at its joint away from the midline.
External Rotation
The universal position of the human body from which all body positions are described. In this position, the subject stands facing the observer, with the arms at the sides and palms facing forward.
Anatomic Position
Situated toward the head.
Cephalad
Moving an extremity at its joint closer to the trunk.
Flexion
Seated postion with the upper body straight up or erect.
Fowler's Position
The plane parallel to the anterior surface of the body.
Frontal Plane
The study of body parts that are visible to the naked eye, such as bones, muscles and organs.
Gross Anatomy
The maintenance of a stable internal physiologic environment.
Homeostasis
Extension of a body part to a maximum level or past the position of normal extension.
Hyperextension
Flexion of a body part to a maximum level or past the position of normal flexion.
Hyperflexion
Toward the feet or one structure that is situated lower than another.
Inferior
Rotating an extremity medially toward the midline.
Internal Rotation
Farther from the medial plane; lying or extending away from the midline of a body part.
Lateral
Closer to the median plane.
Medial
An imaginary longitudal line that divides the human body into left and right parts; also called the midsaggital plane or the midline.
Medial Plane
The study of tissue structure and/or cellular structure or organization, often visible only through a microscope.
Microscopic Anatomy
An imaginary line drawn through the mid-portion of the axilla to the waist that is parallel to the midline.
Midaxillary Line
An imaginary line drawn through the center of the body.
Midline
The study of body functions of a living organism in an abnormal state.
Pathophysiology
The study of the body functions of a living organism.
Physiology
Imaginary surfaces used as references to identify parts of the body.
Planes
Situated toward the back of the body.
Posterior
Lying face down.
Prone
When the palm faces downward.
Pronation
Located nearer to or toward the trunk of the body.
Proximal
The arc of movement of an extremity at a joint in a particular direction.
Range of Motion (ROM)
Placing a patient on the side to allow the easy drainage of fluids from the mouth; also called the left lateral recumbent position.
Recovery Position
Any position in which the patient is lying down or leaning back.
Recumbent
Study of anatomy associated with a particular body region; also called topographic anatomy.
Regional Anatomy
A vertical plane that is parallel to the midline and divides the body into unequal left and right parts.
Sagittal Plane
Situated toward the head or one structure that is situated higher than another.
Superior
An imaginary line drawn through the midpoint of the clavicle that is paralell to the midline.
Midclavicular Line
When the palm faces upward.
Supination
Lying face up.
Supine
Study of anatomy associated with a particular organ system.
Systemic Anatomy
Study of anatomy assosciated with a particular body region; also called regional anatomy.
Topographic Anatomy
A cross-horizontal sectioning that divides the body into the upper and lower parts.
Transverse Plane
Placing a patient supine with the legs elevated approximately 12' and head down.
Trendelenburg's Position
Pertaining to the front of a part, organ, or structure.
Ventral