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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Protection/Support/Movement

3 systems
Skeletal
Integumentary
Muscular
Nutrition/Fluid Balence

3 systems
Gastro Intestinal
Urinary
Respiratory
Circulation

2 systems
Cardovascular
Lymphatic
Coordination/Control

2 systems
Nervous
Endrocrine
Production of Offspring

1 system
Reproductive
Integumentary System
(skin)

3 examples
hair
nails
sweat and oil glands

(production,support,movement)
Skeletal system

example
206 bones and joints between them


(production,support,movement)
Muscular System

3 examples
attached to bones and produce movement of skeleton
3kinds
skeletal,smooth,cardiac muscle
(production,support,movement)
Nervous System

3 examples
brain
spinal cord
nerves

(coordination and control)
Endocrine System

3 examples
produces hormones

thyroid
putitary
adrenal

(coordination and control)
Cardiovascular System

2 examples
heart
blood vessels

(circulation)
Lymphatic System

3 examples
Tonsils
Thymus gland
spleen

(circulation)
Respiratory System

example
Lungs and Passages to and from lungs

(nutrition and fluid balence)
Digestive System

5 examples
mouth
esophagus
stomach
intestine
liver
pancreas


(nutrition and fluid balence)
Urinary System

4 examples
kidneys
bladder
ureters
urethra


(nutrition and fluid balence)
Reproductive System

example
all exteral sex organs and all related internal structures
Anatomy

definition
study of body structure.
Superior
(cranial)
Above
Higher position
Anterior
(ventral)
Located toward belly surface or front of the body
Posterior
(dorsal)
Refer to locations near the back
Inferior


Directional Terms
below or lower
Cranial


Directional Terms
closer to head
Caudal


Directional Terms
closer to the sacral region of the spinal column

inferior direction
Medial


Directional Terms
nearer to an imaginary plane that passes through the midline of the body deviding it into left and right.
Lateral


Directional Terms
further away from midline toward the side
Proximal


Directional Terms
nearer to the orgin of the structure

where thumb joins hand
Distal


Directional Terms
farther away from the orgin of a structure

tip of thumb
Frontal Plane


Planes of Division
if cut were made in line with the ears then down the middle of body
Sagittal


Planes of Division
if cut was made front to back separating into right and left
Midsagittal


Planes of Division
cut exactly down the midline of the body separating it into equal right and left halves
Transverse Plane


Planes of Division
cut made horizonal and divide body into superior and inferior parts
Catabolism


Activity of Metabolism
Breakdown phase of Metabolism

Broken down into building blocks
Anabolism


Activity of Metabolism
Building phase of Metabolism

simple components are built into more complex substances
adenosine triphosphate
energy currency of the cell

energy obtained from the breakdown of nutrients
Homeostasis
" Staying the same"
extracellular
all body fluids outside of cell

blood-lymph-fluid between cells in tissues
intracellular
fluid contained within cell

both extra and intra cellular account for 60% of an adults weight
Feedback
main method for maintaining homeostasis. a control system based on info returing to a source
Negative Feedback
feedback system that keeps body conditions within a normal range by reversing any upward or downward shift.

exp. the say sugar is process by a healthy body
Positive Feedback
Where a given action promotes more of the same

continues until stimulus is removed or an outside force stops cycle

exp. childbirth
Body Cavities
large spaces that contain organs

two main cavities are dorsal and ventral