Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A negative mood state characterized by bodily symptoms of physical tension and by apprehension about the future
Emotion of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or life-threatening emergencies
Sudden, overwhelming fright or terror
Panic Attack
Abrupt experience of intense fear or discomfort accompanied by several physical symptoms, such as dizziness or heart palpitations
Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS)
Brain circuit in the limbic system that responds to threat signals by inhibiting activity and causing anxiety
fight/flight system (FFS)
Brain circuit in animals that when stimulated causes an immediate alarm-and-escape response resembling human panic
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Anxiety disorder characterized by intense, uncontrollable, unfocused, chronic, and continuous worry that is distressing and unproductive, accompanied by physical symptoms of tenseness, irritability, and restlesness
Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia (PDA)
Fear and avoidance of situations the person believes might induce a dreaded panic attack
Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult
Panic Disorder without Agoraphobia (PD)
Panic attacks experienced without development of agoraphobia
Panic Control Treatment (PCT)
Cognitive behavioral treatment for panic attacks, involving gradual exposure to feared somatic sensations and modification of perceptions and attitudes about them
Specific Phobia
Unreasonable fear of a specific object or situation that markedly interferes with daily life functioning
Blood-injury-injection Phobia
Unreasonable fear and avoidance of exposure to blood, injury, or the possibility of an injection. Victims experience fainting and a drop in blood pressure.
Situational Phobia
Anxiety involving enclosed places or public transportation
Natural Environmental Phobia
Fear of situations or events in nature, especially heights, storms, and water.
Animal Phobia
Unreasonable, enduring fear of animals or insects that usually develops early in life.
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Excessive, enduring fear in some children that harm will come to them or their parents while they are apart.
Social Phobia
Extreme, enduring, irrational fear and avoidance of social or performance situations.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Enduring, distressing emotional disorder that follows exposure to a severe helplessness- or fear-inducing threat. The victim reexperiences the trauma, avoids stimuli associated with it, and develops a numbing of responsiveness and an increased vigilance and arousal.
Acute Stress Disorder
Severe reaction immediately following a terrifying event, often including amnesia about the event, emotional numbing, and derealization. Many victims later develop posttraumatic stress disorder.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Anxiety disorder involving unwanted, persistent, intrusive thoughts and impulses, as well as repetitive actions intended to suppress them
Recurrent intrusive thought or impulse the client seeks to suppress or neutralize while recognizing it is not imposed by outside forces
Repetitive, ritualistic, time-consuming behavior or mental act a person feels driven to perform