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23 Cards in this Set

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REfers to a person standing erect with the face directed forward, the upper limbs hanging to the sides, and the palms of the hands facing forward
Anatomic Position
Refers to a person lying face upward
Supine
Refers to a person lying face downward
Prone
Lower than or toward the tail (two terms)
Inferior/Caudal
Higher than or toward the head (two terms)
Superior/Cephalic
Toward the front or toward the belly (two terms)
Anterior/dorsal
Farther than another structure fron the point of attachment to the trunk
Distal
Away from the midline
Lateral
Away from the surface
Deep
Superior
A structure above another; eg. the chin is superior to the navel
Inferior
A structure below another ; eg. the navel is inferior to the chin
Cephalic
Closer to the head than another structure (usually synonymous with superior); eg. the chin is cephalic to the navel
Caudal
Closer to the tail than another structure (usually synomous with inferior); eg. the navel is caudal to the chin
Anterior
the front of the body; eg.the navel is anterior to the spine
Posterior
the back of the body; eg. the spine is posterior to the breastbone
Ventral
toward the belly, synomous with anterior; eg. the navel is ventral to the spine
Dorsal
toward the back synomous with posterior; eg. the spine is dorsal with the breastbone
Proximal
Closer to the point of attachment to the body than another structure eg. the elbow is proximal to the wrist
Distal
Farther from the point of attachment to the body than another structure eg.the wrist is distal to the elbow
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body; eg.the nipple is lateral to the breastbone
Medial
Toward the midline of the body eg. the bridge of the nose is medial to the eye
Superficial
Toward or on the surface eg. the skin is superficial to the muscle
Deep
Away from the surface, Internal eg. the lungs are deep to the ribs