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73 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
what area of the long bone is covered with cartilage?
epiphysis
what type of cartilage is articular cartilage?
hyaline cartilage
What area(epiphysis or diaphysis) is made up of a thin layer of compact bone and a thick layer of spongy?
epiphsis
what area(epiphysis or dyaphysis) is made up of a thick layer of compact bone and a very thin layer of spongy bone?
diaphysis
What replaces the epiphyseal line in the long bone of a child?
epiphyseal plate
the type of bone cell that is found in the osteons of compact bone
osteocyte
the space where the oceocytes are located
lacuna
small canal that takes oxygen and nutrients to the osteocytes
canaliculi
bone shaft
diaphysis
vertical canal in an osteon
central(haversian) canal
horizontal canal in an osteon
perforating (volkmann's) canal
cavity that contains yellow marrow in adults
medullary cavity
membrane lining medullary cavity
endosteum
membrane covering surface of bone
periosteum
spiny projections in spongy bone
trabeculae
composed of osteons
compact bone
contains osteocytes and lacunae
spongy and compact bone
has lamellae
compact bone
has trabeculae
spongy bone
has red marrow
spongy bone
located in the epiphysis
c/s bone
located in the diaphysis
c/s bone
has a central canal
c bone
spaces filled with red marrow
s bone
has canaliculi
c/s bone
the hardness of bone is due to
hydroxyapatite
the flexibility and tensile strength of bone are due to
collagen
what type of macromolecule(carbohydrate, lipd, protein) is collagen?
protein
a bone that has collagen removed is flexible or inflexible
inflexible
a bone that has the calcium removed is flexible or inflexible
flexible
knee cartilage
fibrocatrilage and hyaline cartilage
articular cartilage
hyaline cartilage
external ear
elastic cartilage
epiglottis
elastic cartilage
larynx
elastic/hyaline cartilage
intervebral disks
fibrocartilage
gives padding and strength
fibrocartilage and hyaline cartilage
gives flexibility and capability to bend
fibro/elastic/hyaline cartilage
has resilience and give
fibro/elastic/hyaline cartilage
has mostly collagen fibers and some lacunae with chondrocytes
fibrocartilage
has many short elastic fibers in the matrix
elastic cartilage
matrix is smooth and homogenous looking
hyaline cartilage
eases shock to the vertebral column
intervertebral disk
opening for spinal nerve exit
intervertebral foramen
bony protection for thoracic organs
thoracic cage
first cervical vertebra
altas
second cervical vertebra
axis
articulates with rib anteriorly
sternum
tailbone
coccyx
encloses and protects the spinal cord
vertebral column
lordotic curves
cervical and lumbar curves
kyphotic curves
thoracic and pelvic curves
atlas articulates superiorly with this bone
occiput
facial bone that contains paranasal sinus
maxilla
articulation between the mandible and skull
tmj
neck and tounge muscles attach to this bone
hyoid
structures that allow the babys cranium to compress during birth
fontanel
special feature present on the transverse process of cervical vertebrae
foramina
bone that has the odontoid process
c2 axis cervical
sacrum articulates superiorly with this bone
l5 lumbar
inferior bone of the nasal septum
vomer
bone marking that protects the pituitary gland
sella turcica
middle and inner ear are found wth this bone
temporal bone
contains teeth sockets
maxillary and mandible
bone that does not articulate with any other bone
hyoid
only freely movable skull bone
mandible
ribs articulate posteriorly with these bones
vertebrae
chin bone
mandible
smaller bone of the hard palite
palitine
upper jaw bone
maxillary
lower jaw bone
mandible
cheek bones
zygomatic
tear ducts pass through these paired bones
lacrimal bones