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16 Cards in this Set

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Post-Gastric Fermenters are:
Horse, Rabbit, Guinea Pig
cecotrophs
produced in early morning soft feces
•Rabbits eat these b/c they are half undigested fiber and half bacteria
•Source of Protein, Vitamin B, K and other nutrients from bacteria
Coprphagy
Eating ones own or another animals feces
cecotrophy
eatting or licking the cecal mass in the excreta
Peristalsis
the simultaneous contraction and relaxation of circular and longitudinal muscles along the digestive tract
Segmentation
Contraction and relaxation of circular muscles in the rectum
Crop
Place of storage, moistening and inoculation with bacteria in chicken digestive tract; directly after esophagus
Proventriculous
Digestive organ in chicken that most resembles human stomach
Gizzard
Place of grinding; composed of two muscles that work against each other to break down seeds
Cloaca
digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts all juncture here; literaly means "sewer/ common junction"
How many ceca does a chicken have?
2
Duodenal Loop
SI directly after gizzard that loops around pancreas and, therefore, receives the digestive enzymes excreted from pancreas
What part of a birds digestive tract is considered to be a "pacemaker"?
Gizzard
The birds digestive tract has evolved to be _____ and _____.
Short; efficient
What organ in the body is the most demanding with regards to energy and proeinneeds?
The Digestive Tract
Reverse Peristaltic Contraction
Food is pushed back and forth between parts of the digestive tract to maximize nutrients absorbed
1) Proventriculous<->Gizzard
2) Gizzard<->SI
3) Cloaca<->Ceca