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65 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
on April 1945, delegates from 50 nations met in San Francisco to establish this new organization founded to preserve world peace by promoting international cooperation.
United Nations (30)
an organization that President Wilson founded after World War I but the United States refused to participate in.
League of Nations (30)
the United States not only joined the United Nations, but also gave it a home since 1952 in this city.
New York City (30)
the global struggle for power and influence between the United Staes and the Soviet Union that followed World War II.
Cold War (30)
the dictator of the Soviet Union who seized control of several eastern European nations in 1945 ushering the Cold War.
Joseph Stalin (30)
the prophetic words former Prime Minister Winston Churchill warned when he described the division of the free world of the West from the Soviet-dominated world of the East.
Iron Curtain (30)
the only two nations, the United States and the Soviet Union, who came out of the war strong enough to dominate world affairs.
"superpowers" (30)
organized around two opposite extremes.
bipolar (30)
the Soviet Union was born out of this event in 1917 when revolutionaries known as Bolsheviks overthrew the Russian government and assassinated Russia's royal family.
Russian Revolution (30)
Russian revolutionaries who overthrew the Russian government and assassinated Russia's royal family in 1917.
Bolsheviks (30)
a German philosopher who wrote the Communist Manifesto which inspired the Bolsheviks to overthrow the Russian government and assassinate Russia's royal family.
Karl Marx (30)
written in 1848 by the German philosopher Karl Marx, it called on the workers of the world to unite and overthrow capitalist economic system.
Communist Manifesto (30)
an economic system based on private ownership of farms and businesses.
capitalism (30)
an economic system based on the idea that farms and businesses should be owned in common by the workers who do the labor.
communism (30)
he took over the government in the 1920s and was determined to transform the Soviet Union from a backward rural nation into a modern industrial giant.
Joseph Stalin (30)
the U.S. policy of fighting the spread of communism by limiting it to countries where it already existed.
containment (30)
President Harry S. Truman's Secretary of State, he developed a plan to help Europe recover from World War II.
George Marshall (30)
the plan conceived by President Harry S. Truman's Secretary of State to help Europe recover from World War II by sending vast amounts of money to 16 nations in Europe for rebuilding cities, railroads, factories, and electric systems.
Marshall Plan (30)
the leader of the communist revolutionaries who seized control of China in 1949 dealing a major setback in containing communism.
Mao Zedong (30)
the Cold War division which included the United States and its democratic, industrialized allies.
"First World" (30)
the Cold War division which included the Soviet Union and its communist allies.
"Second World" (30)
the Cold War division which included poorer, less-developed nations in Latin America, Africa, and Asia.
"Third World" (30)
countries that refused to side with either the United States or the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
non-aligned nations (30)
when Germany surrendered in 1945, it was divided in two; Soviet troops occupied this section.
East Germany (30)
when Germany surrendered in 1945, it was divided in two; American, British, and French forces controlled this part.
West Germany (30)
the capital city of East Germany, it was also split into western and eastern parts.
Berlin (30)
when the Soviet Union closed all land access to West Berlin, the Allies decided to supply the city through the air rather than give in to Stalin's demand that they leave West Berlin.
Berlin Airlift (30)
in 1961, East Germany and the Soviet Union tried to stem the tide of East Germans fleeing to West Berlin by putting up a wall between the two parts of the city.
Berlin Wall (30)
on April 1949, ten western European countries, the United States and Canada formed a more permanent alliance for their mutual protection which agreed that an attack upon any member country would be treated as an attack against them all.
NATO (30)
the Soviet Union created their own military alliance in 1955 which called for military cooperation among the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and East Germany.
Warsaw Pact (30)
the new age of powerful bombs that can destroy entire cities as witnessed on Japan in 1945.
Atomic Age (30)
the United States senator who accused many people of being communists and working for the Soviet Union and those who questioned him or his charges were branded "communist sympathizers."
Joseph McCarthy (30)
the practice of publicly accusing people of being disloyal with little or no evidence.
McCarthyism (30)
a nuclear weapon that would be hundreds of times more powerful than the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima in 1945 that U.S. President Harry S. Truman approved to develop.
hydrogen bomb (30)
a competition to develop and manufacture more and more powerful weapons.
arms race (30)
the U.S. President in 1961, it became clear to him that neither side could win the arms race.
John F. Kennedy (30)
the military policy adopted by the United States was based on the belief that Soviet leaders would not order a nuclear attack on the United States if doing so meant the certain destruction of their own country.
MAD (30)
this agreement signed in 1963 by the superpowers banned nuclear testing in the air, the ocean, and outer space.
Limited Test Ban Treaty (30)
wars in which the superpowers backed different sides that acted as substitutes for the superpowers themselves.
proxy war (30)
in 1950, North Koreans troops armed with Soviet tanks and weapons overran most of South Korea which started the first major proxy war.
Korean War (30)
the leader of the Cuban rebels who took control of the island and promised "to revolutionize Cuba from the ground up" in 1959.
Fidel Castro (30)
the U.S. President who tried to maintain friendly relations with new Cuban government, but when Castro declared himself a communist and seized control of American-owned farms and businesses, he broke off relations with Cuba.
Dwight D. Eisenhower (30)
the agency which was allowed by the President to begin training Cuban exiles living in the United States for an invasion of Cuba that would hopefully trigger a massive revolution against Castro.
CIA (30)
the Cuban beach where about 1,400 Cuban exiles landed on April 17, 1961 backed by the CIA.
Bay of Pigs (30)
the leader of the Soviet Union who sent Soviet advisers and weapons to Cuba, including nuclear missiles creating the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Nikita Khrushchev (30)
President John F. Kennedy's Secretary of State, referring to the Cuban Missile Crisis said, "were eyeball to eyeball, and I think the other fellow just blinked."
Dean Rusk (30)
a six-day showdown between the United States and Soviet Union involving the shipment of nuclear missiles to Cuba.
Cuban Missile Crisis (30)
once a French colony called French Indochina, it won its independence in 1954.
Vietnam (30)
the leader of Vietnam's independence movement and a supporter of communism, he would have won the 1956 elections had it not for it being called off.
Ho Chi Minh (30
the part of Vietnam backing communist rebels waging a guerilla war against the South Vietnamese government.
North Vietnam (30)
the communist guerilla rebels who attacked the South Vietnamese soldiers and then suddenly fade away.
Viet Cong (30)
he became President after President Kennedy was assassinated in 1963.
Lyndon Johnson (30)
the war in Southeast Asia between North and South Vietnam but was backed by the United States.
Vietnam War (30)
President Johnson's successor, he promised to get the United States out of Vietnam but secretly expanded the war into neighboring countries of Laos and Cambodia.
Richard Nixon (30)
she designed the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington D.C., which honors the more than 58,000 Americans who died in the Vietnam War.
Maya Lin (30)
the monument in Washington D.C. designed by Maya Yang Lin, which honors the more than 58,000 Americans who died in the Vietnam War.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial (30)
after taking office in 1981, this President publicly denounced the Soviet Union as an "evil empire" and greatly increased military spending.
Ronald Reagan (30)
in the early years of President Ronald Reagan's presidency, he publicly denounced the Soviet Union by calling it by this name.
"evil empire" (30)
the Soviet leader who took office in 1985 who tried to reform the crumbling communist system by beginning a policy of glasnost (openness)
Mikhail Gorbachev (30)
"openness" this policy brought about by Premier Mikhail Gorbachev led to increased freedom of the press, speech, and religion in the Soviet Union.
glasnost (30)
"restructuring" Soviet Prime Minister started this economic program that was supposed to improve the economy.
perestroika (30)
on November 1989, bulldozer tore down this structure that separated the two Germanies.
Berlin Wall (30)
on August 1991, supporters of democracy led by Boris Yeltsin seized power and one of his first official acts was to ban communists from power.
2nd Russian Revolution (30)
the pro-democracy leader the second Russian revolution in August 1991 whose first official act was to ban communists from power.
Boris Yeltsin (30)
the remaining republics which formed a new nation when the Soviet Union broke apart.
Russian Federation (30)