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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is CBT?

- Aims to identify and challenge irrational beliefs

- Encourages patients to test their beliefs through behavioural experiments and homework

- Initial assessment where they identify their problems and set goals

- Based on either Ellis or Beck theory

What is Becks CBT?

- Identify and challenge thoughts about negative triad

- Set homework to find evidence for and against irrational beliefs to prove their beliefs wrong

What is Ellis's Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy?

- Challenges negative beliefs

- Extends ABC to Dispute and Effect

- Dispute their beliefs: logical dispute (make sense?) /empirical dispute (where is evidence?)

- Homework to prove irrational beliefs wrong

Give a strength of CBT

- March et al compared effects of CBT with antidepressant drugs and combination of thetwo in 327 teens with depression.

- After 36weeks 81% of the CBT group, 81% of the antidepressants groupand 86% of the CBT plus antidepressants group were improved.

- CBT just as effective as medication andhelpful alongside medication

Give a weakness of CBT

- With severe depression, patients cannotmotivate themselves to engage with hard cognitive work of CBT

- Possible to treat patients withantidepressant medication and start CBT when more motivated. - Limitation because it means CBT cant be used as soletreatment for all cases of depression

Give a weakness of CBT

- Overemphasis on the role of cognitions

- Ignores environmental factors like abuse which may contribute to depression and focuses on beliefs

- CBT would be ineffective in treating these patients until their circumstances have changed as it changes their beliefs but the circumstances are what needs changing

Give a weakness of CBT

- Ellis: some people simply do not want the direct sort of advice that CBT practitioners tend to dispense

- Prefer to share their worries with a therapist without getting involved in the cognitive effort that is associated with recovery and in which case may use drugs as they are less effort