The Development of Social Darwinism Essay
Charles Darwin was born in 1809 to a wealthy English family(Darwin, 2004). He began a journey after his graduation from …show more content…
The theory of descent had already been advocated by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and by Geoffrey St. Hilaire (Pannekoek, 1912). It did not meet with general approval because these men could not prove the correctness of this theory and, therefore, it remained only a mere assumption (Pannekoek). Darwin though had a theory on evolution that was accepted because of scientific truth. Darwin had discovered the mechanism of animal development and in doing so he showed that under certain conditions some animal kinds will necessarily develop into other animal kinds (Pannekoek). Thus, one sees that Darwin was not the first advocate of evolution and descent but he became forever linked to it because he was able to back his theory scientifically. Before Darwin evolution at best was a pseudoscience. After Darwin evolution was a respectable scientific doctrine (Ruse, 1999).
From this scientific-based theory on evolution developed by Darwin developed Darwinism. Darwinism states that there is a continuing struggle for existence, and for survival. It maintained the existence of variations and suggested that the variations that prove helpful to a plant or an animal in its struggle for existence better enable it to survive and reproduce