Philosophy, the Greek word for "love of wisdom," has been defined in a variety of ways, one of which is the notion that philosophy is the rational attempt to formulate, understand, and answer fundamental questions (Voices of Wisdom). What makes people partake in philosophy? It is philosophy that we turn to when we have the need to seek out a guiding principle for our lives. Therefore, philosophy holds a prominent place in society and in the world. Basically, everyone is a philosopher, but it takes the creative genius and reasoning of brilliant thinkers to bring about world-shattering concepts. Nevertheless, the common man also ruminates about his life and his unique existence to try to find the meaning of his life. Philosophy allows us
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Plato, a student of Socrates, believed that not a person of strength, but a person who is guided by Reason in controlling his passions is the greatest. He believed that the passions are what gave us motivation and energy, that, without them, we would be listless. He also believed that without reason to direct our passions, everything would end up in complete chaos. Plato's Idealism was a kind of spiritualism. Our minds and souls are immaterial in contrast to our material bodies, he thought. Plato asserted that some things have Being and are Real, while other things do not. In particular, Plato thought that things, which we cannot see or touch, but can only, apprehend with our minds - things called Forms or Ideas, which are spiritual - are real. Things we can see and touch (everyday objects - chairs, cabbages, mountains, and so on) are not real; we know they are not real because we can see them. So stated, Plato's philosophy confuses most modern individuals, because it is fundamentally alien to our scientific way of thinking.
Aristotle, Plato's student for eighteen years who used Plato's ideas as a platform for his own and, by finding the weaknesses in Plato's ideas, or critiquing him, built a new system of ideas. Aristotle believed that Plato's way of thinking was unnecessarily complicated. He did not believe that there was an Ideal Form for everything we