Essay How Politics Affect the Internet

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The role of Internet and particularly web 2.0 technologies in shaping and transforming the world of politics has been a main area of debate at least for two decades. These technologies had an impact on essentially every aspect of political life, from internal party politics to international relations.
The purpose of this essay, in the other hand, is to look at how politics affect the internet, or in other words, what is the ideology of the internet. This question was first addressed in the ‘90s, when Gary Kamiya, co-founder of the news website, argued that “if there is a default ideology in cyberspace, it is libertarianism” (Myszewsky, 2003).
This argument was highly debated over the past twenty years, and it is a very complex
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From this philosophical theory emerges a political ideology which is based on the same idea of free will as the key value. In general the founding elements of libertarianism are the focus on individual liberties and the mistrust for any form of constriction, particularly when coming from public bodies. Being a very divided ideology, it is not easy to identify a common ground of principles that are accepted by all, or at least most, libertarians. A possible definition could be: “the moral doctrine that individuals initially own themselves and have certain moral power to appropriate unowned natural resources” (Moseley, 2011). From this it is possible to see that the main values of most libertarians are individual freedom and private property.
The libertarian political ideology is largely based on the liberal tradition, particularly on philosopher such as John Locke and Immanuel Kant. Locke’s philosophy introduced the concept of natural rights, the idea that humans are born with a specific set of rights that are moral and universal. These rights, for Locke, are life, liberty and property. Kant’s moral law was based on the idea of never consider humans as means but always as ends (Hoffman and Graham, 2009). Building from this tradition, Robert Nozick wrote the book that is usually considered the main

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