Essay about Gothic Fiction

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Introduction

Since the 18th century, Gothic Fiction has become a famous genre. As its popularity has increased during the decades it is still a well-known and much appreciated theme nowadays.
Whereas many female authors were restricted to feminist novels and had the reputation of being unable to compose works valuable for everyone, the onset of Gothic writing bore a whole new prospect for them (Heiland 1-8).
A famous example for such female authors is Charlotte Brontë. When she wrote Jane Eyre in 1847 she enqueued herself to the list of successful women of that genre. Even though Jane Eyre contains several aspects of the classic Gothic novel it differs in the font of the uncanny. Whilst novels such as Frankenstein, The Picture of
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The first work titled as “a Gothic Story” was Horace Walpole's The Castle of Ontranto in 1764 (Gothic fiction/novel 356). The theme became revitalised in the 1890s by Classics such as Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891) or Bram Stoker's Dracula (1897). During the 20th century Gothic was realised through media other than books: films, television, theatre and musicals.
There is a wide range of Gothic Fiction by several authors and works of varying themes, thus it is difficult to give an exact definition. However, some guidelines can be found among the majority of works and therefore serve as an outline for Gothic Fiction.
First, a Gothic tale usually is located in an “antiquated or seemingly antiquated space” (Hogle 2). Examples for this are castles, old houses, a prison, a laboratory or any other comparable place. Within this space, there are usually elements which haunt the characters. Those hauntings can be of any form, be it non-physical, such as mere secrets, or of a more specific presence, like ghosts, spectres or monsters (Hogle 2). Thereby, Gothic tales generally connect earthly reality with the supernatural and raise the possibility that the boundary between them can be crossed, psychologically or even physically. This leads, for the most part, to the constant imminence of death (Hogle 3).
Secondly, an important aspect these works deal with is society and its different

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