Genetic Screening and Genetic Discrimination by Insurance Companies

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Genetic screening has been a subject of debate for quite some time now. Beginning in the 1990s, when it became prevalent owing to the increasing research into the cause of diseases (Chadwick, 1). Screening brought advantages— the chance to see what diseases or cancers one may be at risk for, an opportunity to take a glimpse inside of one’s personal genome (Tree.com). However, as genetic screening became more and more common, it brought with it just as many disadvantages. Genetic screening found its way into corporate boardrooms and insurance companies, creating large amounts of discrimination against employees where genetic make-up revealed a disposition to certain diseases. Despite acts prohibiting genetic discrimination, …show more content…
Genetic screening could give humans a chance to see a disease they have or that they may develop, and alerting to all of the risks that they might face, and giving each person a chance to look inside their own DNA, the very letters behind his or her existence (Tree.com). The problems of genetic screening, however, are tremendous and greatly outweigh the benefits. Genetic screening is good for one thing: detecting a person’s potential to develop a disease or cancer. It cannot, however, tell the patient whether or not he or she will develop the disease or how severe it will be. Many diseases today have no cure, and seeing could thus create a large amount of stress in someone’s life knowing that he or she may get a disease which cannot be cured or even delayed (Genetics, “Genetic Testing”).
Another significant disadvantage of genetic screening, as well as treatment for disease, is that it’s very costly, and most people today could not afford the treatment even if it were available. Whole Genome Sequencing, or WGS, which is typically part of the genetic screening process, is one of the most expensive tests for DNA, at nearly $10,000 per genome. It is estimated by United Healthcare that the United States spent over five billion dollars on genetic testing as

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