Essay on Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development

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Erik Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development Many psychologists and psychoanalysts have impacted the way human growth and development is viewed today. These psychologists and psychoanalysts developed theories that are being used every day in the health care profession. The view healthcare professionals have of growth and development greatly affects the outcome of the patient. Understanding the theories of Freud, Kohlberg, Piaget, and Erikson is tremendously important for nurses. Erik Erikson developed one of the theories that nurses readily use today.
Erik Erickson was born in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany in 1902. He moved to the United States in 1927. In 1936 Erickson joined the Institute of Human Relationships, which is part of
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At this age children are eager to go to school. (Sharkey, 1997) The teacher becomes an imperative part in a child’s life during this stage because of the specific things he/she teaches the child. (McLeod, 2008) Being around peers of the same age is essential because a major source of the child’s self-esteem.
Accomplishing tasks is a significant thing to a child in industry versus inferiority stage. Erikson believed that child needed to have an actual achievement experience to develop the sense of competency. Also, the child starts to seek approval of things from society during this stage. (Sharkey, 1997) Encouragement and reinforcement helps the child to have a sense of self-worth and feel industrious. Whereas the opposite, neglect and failure, give the child a sense that he or she is worthless, a feeling of inferiority. If an activity a child feels is demanded in society can’t be completed the child will experience a feeling of worthlessness. For example, if a child is not very athletic and the child feels that it is important in society to be so, the child may feel ashamed. Erikson did believe that some failure is okay in this stage. (McLeod, 2008)The child needs some failure to go along with the accomplishments to maintain an appropriate balance.
The industry versus inferiority stage of Erikson’s theory is important to the nursing field. If a child is hospitalized the nurse should know this theory

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