Debate on Gene Therapy Essay
Gene therapy enables patients to survive incurable diseases. In the field of genetic diseases, ADA-SCID, CGD and hemophilia are three main ones. ADA-SCID is known as the bubble boy disease. CGD is related to immune system that would lead to …show more content…
The efficacy of gene therapy should also be questioned. Despite being very expensive, gene therapy may not work because of the immature technology. People’s own immune system may have rejection and it may cause the failure of gene therapy or make viruses fail to express themselves (Bergeson, E., 1997). For example, a virus used in treatment of cystic fibrosis produced an inflammatory response. (Rocholl, B) Moreover, cells divide infrequently and the replacing genes in gene therapy may insert into cells that are dividing, which cause the failure of gene therapy. (Rocholl, B)
The heated discussions of gene therapy focus on its ethical problems. Before performing gene therapy, a gene test is required. Doctors need to test or screen the whole DNA to ensure the disordered gene. However, this process is often been regarded as the invasion of privacy (Safdar, M, 2010).
According to Robert Sade and George Khushf, many people feel that somatic gene therapy, which involves replacing genes into somatic cells, is just an extension of traditional remedies, and they don’t think there are any ethical problems. However, if the virus vectors insert into a wrong