Cervical Cancer Essay

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Cervical cancer is the second foremost occurring cancer in women after breast cancer. Cervical cancer is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV. Infection by HPV typically occurs in the early years of sexual activity according to the World Health Organization (WHO), but it can take up to a full twenty years for it to develop into a full-blown malignant tumor. Scientists believe that for all intents and purposes all cervical cancer cases are caused by infection with a few types of cancer.
Great strides have been made in recent years in the development of a vaccine to treat the cervical cancer. Scientists have cultivated a prophylactic vaccine that would protect against the human papillomavirus.
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The percentage of cervical cancer in women triggered by HPV ranges from 3% to 5% in North America and Western Europe, while in South America, Southwest Asia, and the sub-Saharan African nations it ranges from 20% to 24%.
Cervical cancer occurs in women in four stages, as well as a “pre-cancer”, or “pre-malignant” stage, where abnormal cells are in the surface layer of the cervix and have not penetrated deeper tissues. This is also called “in situ”, which literally means “in place”.
For gynecologic cancers, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) system is the most widely used and highly regarded system of determining the various stages because it is both accepted internationally and supports an international standard where healthcare professionals can converse with one another when comparing their respective research, thereby ensuring a type of universal language on the subject of gynecological cancer, according to Laura Dolson's Gynecologic Cancer Resource Center. This system involves assigning a numerical stage (0 through IV) to a patient’s cancer based on physical examination and other diagnostic exams, such as cystoscopy or proctoscopy.
Stage I is classified into two separate subdivisions. Stage IA involves the invasion of the cervical tissues, and can be seen with only a microscope. Stage IB is when the lesions have developed wider than 7 mm or deeper than 5 mm, or at any size that can be detected

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