Assessment of the Impact of the U-2 Incident on Soviet American Relations Post 1960

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Plan of the investigation:
The aim of this investigation is to assess the impact of the U-2 incident on Soviet American relations post 1960. This study will focus specifically on Soviet American diplomacy, the Berlin Crisis and the escalation of the arms race. This investigation will take into account the Soviet perspective of the events from Sergei Khrushchev’s, who witnessed his father’s actions when the events unfolded in the article “The Day We Shot Down the U-2” by American Heritage magazine. This investigation will also take into consideration the American perspective of the events through the memoir of Francis Powers - the CIA pilot of the U-2 plane when it was shot down – in “Operation Overflight: A Memoir of the U-2 Incident”. A
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(1959). accordingly, the U.S. and USSR agreed to continue the dialogue at a summit in Paris in May 1960. (Khrushchev)
• Big Four foreign ministers conference (1959) (Gentry)
• Khrushchev and Eisenhower jointly state: “the most important issue in the world was general disarmament and that the problem of Berlin and all outstanding international questions should be settled, not by the application of force, but by peaceful means through negotiations.” (Lundestad)
• Eastern Berlin; Germans were fleeing to Western Berlin and Europe. (Khrushchev)
• A summit on the 17th of May, 1960 was arranged in Paris in order to address several international problems (Gentry)
During and post-May 1st 1960:
• The U-2 spy plane incident occurred on the 1st of May, 1960: the USSR shot down an American reconnaissance aircraft. The U.S. government denied the plane's purpose and mission (Khrushchev)
• The USSR produced intact remains of the plane and surviving pilot, Francis Gary Powers, as well as photos of military bases in Russia. Consequently, the U.S. was forced to admit the U-2s role as a covert surveillance aircraft. (Khrushchev)
• The Berlin Crisis occurred on June the 4th, 1961. Soviet-controlled East Germans began cutting off all avenues of escape to West Berlin. The Soviets and East Germans moved in with a massive show of force, and within 2 months the East Germans had built the

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