Ancient Egypt vs. Ancient Mesopotamia Essay

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Thousands of years ago, there were two ancient civilizations, Egypt and Mesopotamia. Both were quite remarkable in technology and language, but each civilization had different advances. These two ancient cultures were also located close to each other, but their geographies were a bit different resulting in varied farming methods. The last thing that Egypt and Mesopotamia both had was religion, though each of their religious practices was unique. In ancient Egypt and ancient Mesopotamia, there were many technological advances that are still used today, though each civilization had its own priorities. In Egypt, people invented many things to help them build many of the great wonders of Egypt that we still marvel at today, such as the …show more content…
In Mesopotamia, the most predominant language was Sumerian, though this changed over time, and they used a writing system called cuneiform, consisting of wedges positioned in different ways to represent and record things. Egypt’s language was afro-Asiatic, and most people have seen the primitive drawings called hieroglyphics used by ancient Egyptians to record and keep a history of everything. Egypt also invented papyrus, an important technology which developed into the paper we use today. The geographies of Egypt and Mesopotamia, both on the fertile crescent, played an important role in what life was like in each civilization, and it helped determine what kind of agriculture they each had. Egypt was in a fertile land, relying on the Nile to flood each year and deposit minerals and rich nutrients that helped crops such as emmer, barley, flax, and papyrus thrive. Mesopotamia, unlike Egypt, was between two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates. This allowed for healthy crops, similar to Egypt, but frequently wreaked havoc as well with their floods. Mesopotamians relied on irrigation and drainage control to grow their crops, which were barley, onions, grapes, turnips and apples. They were also the first to invent the wooden plow, and some of the first people to make beer and wine. Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia both had polytheistic religions, but the gods they worshipped and how they worshipped them were different. Egyptians believed strongly in the

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