A Clockwork Orange (Criminology Theories) Essay

2112 Words May 2nd, 2014 9 Pages
A Clockwork Orange

Biography In the year 1962, there was a boy by the name of Alex DeLarge, and he was the leader of a gang called the “droogs.” He has three best friends named Georgie, Dim, and Pete who also make up the entirety of the gang along with Alex. One night, the boys decide to get very drunk on milk laced with drugs, and go out on a streak of horrible violent acts. They beat an elderly lady, fight a rival gang, steal a car, almost kill a man named Mr. Alexander, and rape his wife. After the next day, the droogs gang confronts Alex wanting more high-rewarding crimes. He beats his friends to a pulp just to show them he is the boss. Just after this they break into a rich lady’s home where Alex kills the
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Social Learning Theory includes four major social structures that can lead an individual’s learning of deviant behavior or conformity. These include Differential Association, Definitions, Differential Reinforcement, and Imitation (Akers 1994). The first structure exposes the definitions of favorable or unfavorable criminal acts. Following that, definitions can be described as attitudes of meanings attached to a given behavior. Differential Reinforcement follows up by trying to balance the rewards and punishments that follow a behavior. Finally, the imitation stage includes the engagement in behaviors after the observation of another person’s similar behavior. Acts of criminality can occur in the absence of definitions, repetition of the act, or even being a part of a group who acts in a non-conformal way.
Anomie/Strain Theory
Robert K. Merton (1936) created the theory known as Social Structure and Anomie Theory. This theory tries to explain why some societies have higher crime than others. Merton explains that the reason behind the high crime in the United States is the “strong emphasis on the goal on monetary success, and the weak emphasis on the legitimate norms for achieving that goal” (Merton 1936). He goes on to say that societies lacking the strong enough regulation of these achievement seeking citizens are then characterized by a term called normlessness. Normlessness

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