William Shakespeare 's The Tempest, Caliban And Ariel Essay

1422 Words Oct 26th, 2015 null Page
In Shakespeare’s The Tempest, Caliban and Ariel are slaves to Prospero. However, the way Prospero treats Ariel is vastly different than Caliban. Prospero degrades Caliban throughout the play and sees Caliban as less than human. Although Ariel is enslaved to Prospero, Ariel is promised his freedom throughout the play and is entrusted with more important task than Caliban. Prospero treats Ariel better than Caliban because Ariel is more useful to Prospero than Caliban. Ariel has powers than Caliban does not, is more obedient than Caliban, and Ariel appearance is more similar to Prospero than Caliban. The way Calian is introduced shows the negative opinion Prospero has about Caliban. Prospero calls for Caliban by saying, “Thou poisonous slave, got by the devil himself / Upon thy wicked dam, come forth!” (Shakespeare I.ii.13). Not only is Caliban introduced as a slave, he is considered poisonous and from the devil himself. Prospero almost always degrades Caliban when interacting with him throughout the play. Caliban is called a liar, disgusting, hideous, and other despicable names throughout the play by Prospero. Caliban has no chance of Prospero setting him free, and is treated as a stereotypical slave. The way Caliban is addressed is completely different than Ariel. Ariel is considered an indentured servant and has an opportunity to obtain his freedom. Prospero doesn’t introduce Ariel as a slave, but instead as a servant. Prospero when first introducing Ariel says, “servant,…

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