Why Did The Thirty Years War Begin?
Gutmann further states that "the Thirty Years ' War was a complicated event, part civil war, and international war. The war began as a conflict in central Europe between the Catholic Habsburg emperor and his Bohemian subjects over religion and imperial power. This Bohemian civil war quickly escalated as German princes lined up along sectarian lines to support one side or the other. Gutmann 's ideology goes on to say that the Thirty Years ' War can be considered as not one but three wars, with six or more principal parties. First, there was the imperial civil war, a conflict about religion and imperial authority, which ended by the Peace of Prague in 1635. Then there was the western war, involving Spain against the Netherlands and France, which was the continuation of sixteenth-century conflicts. Finally, there was the Baltic war, fought mostly in Germany, between Denmark first, and then Sweden, on one side, and the emperor and his allies on the other. This war concerned the growing power of the Baltic states, especially Sweden. Although these three wars are not easily distinguishable, they give us a starting point by telling us where to look for the conflicts which led to the Thirty Years '