Which Egyptian Pharaoh: Who Was A Political Leader?

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Was the political leader.
He held the title ‘Lord of Two Lands’ because he ruled both Upper and Lower Egypt.
He owned all the land in Egypt.
He made the laws.
He collected the taxes.
The Pharaoh could lead his people into war if Egypt was attacked or if he wanted to expand his power.
He was also the religious leader.
He was the ‘High Priest of Every Temple’.
He represented the Gods on earth.
He performed rituals and built temples.

Most Egyptians worked in the fields along the banks of the Nile, growing crops for themselves and to pay in taxes. They did not own their land or their house. Everything belonged to the pharaoh. The Egyptians accepted this, for 3000 years, because it was part of their religion.
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There were royal officers and sheriffs in every Egyptian town who made sure that everyone paid their taxes and obeyed the Pharaoh.


The most important official was the pharaoh’s vizier. There was also a network of mayors, scribes and priests. Some of the tasks of the government were:

Maintaining a police force to keep the country peaceful;
Maintaining the courts to give people justice and to punish criminals;
Maintaining an army;
Building the royal monuments such as temples;
Controlling the supply of food; distributing the food.
Holding a census to count the population in order to collect taxes;
Collecting the taxes;
Keeping the state records; everything of importance was written down;
Maintaining important industries such as ship-building, brick-making and stone quarrying;
Keeping the annual records of the Nile’s water level.

When a pharaoh died, he was usually succeeded by a son or other relative. If the new pharaoh was a child, the high court officials guided and advised him, but he still had to attend rituals and play the part of a

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