What It Means To Symbolism In George Orwell's 1984

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What it Means to Exist in 1984 During the totalitarian reign of Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill, a beacon of hope for the English, declared in a speech to his people that “all the greatest things are simple, and many can be expressed in a single word: freedom, justice, honor, duty, mercy, hope” (Winston Churchill). George Orwell was inspired by this period of terror to write 1984, which explores the capabilities of a totalitarian society in our world. Under the rule of the chillingly exclusive Inner Party and mysterious dictator Big Brother who seek nothing but power, England submits to a terrifying totalitarian rule. The Inner Party forces the eradication of all that Churchill spoke to be great; freedom, justice, honor, mercy, …show more content…
Throughout the novel, Winston is the symbol of hope. He is a believer that good shall prevail over evil in the end and feels in his heart that he is able to maintain is sanity no matter what the Party puts him against and therefore he will die honorable, fighting for freedom from the Party. He states that “”There was truth and there was untruth, and if you clung to the truth even against the whole world, you were not mad”” (Orwell 250). Before the hope and sanity is beaten out of him by O’Brien, a man who enforces the Party’s practices upon Winston, he genuinely believes that if you maintain what is the truth and what is not in your head, you are in the right, you are sane. What the government does, however, is strip him of that sense of truth and untruth through a.) physical pain and b.) maintaining what is untruth as truth. This is doublethink at its finest. In “The Hell of 1984”, Malcom Pittock states that “[doublethink] is a key feature of Oceanic society but the sort practiced by O’Brien and the Inner Party is so different in degree as to involve a difference in kind” (Pittock 119). Pittock discusses the meaning of doublethink as well as how this changes when looked at through the eyes of the Inner Party and the eyes of the citizens who have knowledge of the word doublethink but are unaware of its severity and true meaning. To the Inner Party, it is a means of the highest …show more content…
The purpose of newspeak is to abolish thoughtcrime, or rebellion within thought through the destruction of words that would provoke this. A colleague of Winston named Syme works in the Research Department developing the dictionaries of newspeak. Of newspeak he tells Winston that "in the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it" (Orwell 52). When you destroy the words that keep the people rebellious, they can no longer rebel. Stripping a people of their language is one of the oldest and most effective ways of controlling a society. Language is the foundation of culture and when you take away the language, you have control. In David Dwan 's "Truth and Freedom in Orwell 's Nineteen Eighty-Four" he states that "for figures like Orwell, truth is less an object of thought than it 's a simple horizon; it eludes our grasp, but it places our basic constraints on our thinking" (Dwan 382). This is the basis for newspeak. When restrictions are placed on one 's thoughts, they are unable to exceed these boundries. It 's impossible to imagine a new color because one does not have the means to do so; feeling love is impossible when the word 'love ' is eradicated from the entire population 's

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